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BRIEFNovember 30, 2023

Climate and Development in the Middle East and North Africa

  • GCC Embracing Climate Opportunities
  • Morocco: Farmers Find Solutions in Face of Climate Change Threats
  • Egypt Linking Food Water and Energy in Climate Efforts
  • Translating CCDR Recommendations on Water Scarcity into Action in MENA

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is one of the world’s most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, enduring ever higher temperatures, rising seas, droughts, floods, intense water scarcity and polluted air. Only by addressing these climate challenges can communities lead healthier and more productive lives.

With these challenges in mind, the World Bank has integrated climate into all its work across the MENA region and is on track to align 100 percent of new operations with the goals of the Paris Agreement. The World Bank’s MENA Climate Change Roadmap, which runs from 2021-2025, focuses on four key transformation areas: food systems, water security and resilient natural capital; energy transition and low-carbon mobility; carbon-smart cities and resilient coastal economies; and sustainable finance.

In the last three years (FY21-23) alone, the World Bank has delivered US$6.3 billion in climate financing for MENA and is on track to achieve a target of US$10 billion for FY2021-2025. This funding is divided between investments that focus on climate mitigation (reducing net emissions) and projects that build climate resilience and adaptation, helping countries to prepare and respond to future natural disasters.

Despite this strong World Bank support, MENA is the smallest recipient of climate change finance worldwide and existing vulnerabilities and ongoing conflict have put additional strain on the resources of many countries. MENA countries will need to build on climate action progress of recent years and focus on long term reforms and prioritize resilient and low carbon investments to protect against climate impacts and reduce poverty on a livable planet.

Video Spotlight





Share & Join the conversation #MENA4Climate

Jordan Social MENA Climate 2023
Faced with warmer temps & more intense droughts, #Jordan is nurturing a new generation of climate-smart farmers. Learn about the new @WorldBank program in Jordan, spearheading more water-efficient and climate-resistant farming practices.
Tunisia Social MENA Climate 2023
#Tunisia: Combined adaptation and mitigation measures suggested by our new #CCDR report to fight climate change and decarbonize the electricity sector could bring GDP growth to 8.8% by 2030, reduce poverty, and reduce energy emissions. Read:
Food Social MENA Climate 2023
Building resilient #agriculture & #food systems that can withstand shocks is a top priority in #MENA. This requires investment & action across multiple fronts: 🔶Climate-smart farming 🔶Removing distortions in food markets 🔶Reforming subsidy systems
Algeria Social MENA Climate 2023
Forests in #Algeria face challenges like fires 🔥, overgrazing & #ClimateChange. Our new @WorldBank report focuses on key issues like participatory management, value chains & integrating climate considerations.