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BRIEF June 6, 2023

Climate and Development in East Asia and Pacific Region

EAP Climate and Development

Climate change poses major challenges to environmental stability, economic growth and human development in the East Asia and Pacific region. The region includes 13 of the 30 countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and without concerted action, the region could see an additional 7.5 million people fall into poverty due to climate impacts by 2030. 

East Asia and Pacific is also critical to global efforts to combat climate change. The region accounts for one-third of global greenhouse gas emissions and 60 percent of the world’s coal consumption. The good news is that the region is also uniquely placed to act. All countries in the region have made pledges as part of the Paris Agreement, and many of the largest economies in the region have recently made ambitious commitments to reduce emissions and achieve carbon neutrality. 

The World Bank has been a longstanding partner for the region on climate change — researching, producing knowledge, collecting data, providing finance, and helping lay the groundwork for significant actions that reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, improve climate resilience, and prepare for — and respond to — natural disasters. In East Asia and the Pacific, 46 percent of new World Bank commitments in fiscal year 2022 contributed to climate action.

EAP Climate and Adaptation Finance FY 2022


Majuro in the Marshall Islands

Video: Adapting to Climate Change Across East Asia and the Pacific

Learn more about how the World Bank is stepping up climate action in East Asia and Pacific

Climate reports

Indonesia CCDR

Indonesia Country Climate and Development Report

The report analyzes how climate change and climate action are intertwined with the country’s growth and development.
Philippines Country Climate and Development Report

Philippines Country Climate and Development Report

The Philippines Country Climate and Development Report (CCDR) comprehensively analyzes how climate change will affect the country's ability to meet its development goals and pursue green, resilient, and inclusive development.
China CCDR Report

Country Climate and Development Report for China

This report looks at the changes in energy, industry, transport, cities & land use needed for China to reach its goals of peak carbon emissions before 2030 and carbon neutrality before 2060.
Vietnam CCDR

Country Climate and Development Report for Vietnam

Without proper adaptation and mitigation measures, it's estimated climate change will cost Vietnam about 12 percent to 14.5 percent of GDP a year by 2050. This report proposes path for the country to address climate risks while sustaining robust economic growth.
Bangui Wind Farm at Ilocos Norte, Philippines

Offshore Wind Roadmap for the Philippines

Analysis of a high growth scenario suggests that offshore wind may help the Philippines avoid 200 million tons of CO2 emissions by 2040, helping the country achieve its decarbonization goals.
No time to waste cover

No Time to Waste: The Challenges and Opportunities of Cleaner Trade for Vietnam

The country aims to increase the share of clean energy in its total primary energy supply to at least 20 percent by 2030 and 30 percent by 2045 and has pledged to phase out coal-fueled power generation and made a commitment to reach net zero emissions by 2050.
Legal Dimensions of Sea Level Rise Pacific Perspectives

Legal Dimensions of Sea Level Rise: Pacific Perspectives

This legal study is designed to provide an assessment of the impacts of climate change, especially sea level rise on the maritime rights of coastal States.

Climate stories & voices

To fulfil Vietnam’s economic ambitions, climate action is essential

To Fulfil Vietnam’s Economic Ambitions, Climate Action is Essential

Vietnam aims to be a high-income country by 2045, but climate change poses a major obstacle. Climate action is crucial for the country's development strategy.
EAP Climate adaptation - Man and mangrove in Indonesia
Immersive story

Adapting Across East Asia and Pacific

Learn how the World Bank is standing with a region at climate risk.
Josefa Bau from Nataleira runs dolphin watching tours from Natalei eco-lodge in Fiji alongside his wife, Viniana Vuibau. Cred
Feature story

Ocean Protectors: How the Old Ways of Protecting the Ocean Are New Again in Fiji

"Sustainability doesn't just start and stop with one generation; it must continue to grow with each new generation," says Josefa Bau, who runs a dolphin watching business from Natalei Eco Lodge – an hour’s drive northeast of Suva, Fiji’s capital.
Huan Ni, Founder of a Chinese environmental organization called Green Light-Year
Feature story

Creating a Sustainable Tomorrow in China

"China has demonstrated a strong sense of responsibility by introducing and enforcing powerful climate policies with commitments to curtail climate change" says Huan Ni, founder of a Chinese environmental organization called Green Light-Year.

Climate News


Support for a Stronger and More Resilient post-pandemic Fiji

The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors has approved US$100 million (approximately FJ$218 million) to support Fiji’s ongoing recovery from the immense shocks of the COVID-19 pandemic that exacerbated the impacts of recent natural disasters.
Tuvalu ocean

Tuvalu’s Harbors Set for Major Upgrade

New AU$62.6 million (US$46.5 million) project – the largest ever World Bank project in Tuvalu – will improve the resilience and safety of harbors, roads and infrastructure vital for delivering essential cargo and services.
Yellow river

New Program will Reduce Water Scarcity, Protect Ecosystems in China’s Yellow River Basin

The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved a US$380 million loan to help address water scarcity and ecosystem degradation in China’s Yellow River basin.

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