The Korea Trust Fund for Economic and Peace-Building Transitions (KTF) has supported the fragility, conflict and violence (FCV) agenda for a decade. 2019 marked the ten-year anniversary of the partnership between the World Bank Group (WBG) and the Government of Korea to address the development challenges of FCV. Established in 2009—through an agreement between the Ministry of Economy and Finance of Korea (MOEF) and the World Bank—the KTF supports the WBG's peacebuilding initiatives and interventions to facilitate recovery and economic transitions in FCV.
Through the KTF, Korea supports the World Bank’s efforts to better address FCV challenges by supporting projects that pilot innovative approaches, generate knowledge, improve the monitoring of crisis risk for better prevention, and adopt FCV-sensitive strategies and operations. Over the years, the KTF has also served as a platform for collaboration with Korean institutions and experts, maximizing development impact in FCV-affected countries.
Over the last ten years, the Republic of Korea has contributed almost $34 million to the KTF.
Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020
KTF has financed country-specific and regional interventions in 46 countries across six regions. On a country level, grants have supported peaceful political transformation and the Country Partnership Framework in Myanmar, for example, and improving capacity for community monitoring and citizen engagement in Mali and Niger. KTF-funded interventions also provide support across regions, advancing climate-smart agricultural technologies for FCV-affected populations in Africa and strengthening financial institutions to build resilience in the western Balkans. The KTF has provided support for most of the countries which qualified for the World Bank Group’s Harmonized List of Fragile and Conflict States in 2019.
The KTF also funds global-level work focused on developing and piloting approaches and instruments addressing the challenges of working in FCV settings. In addition to supporting the development of the WBG’s first FCV Strategy, the KTF is also supporting essential analytical work on FCV in middle-income countries (MICs), which will generate insights on the diverse drivers of fragility and conflict in MICs and inform new development approaches for Bank operations. The Bank’s Geospatial Operations Support Team (GOST) is harnessing KTF support to increase transparency and accountability in FCV operations through spatial analysis and machine learning tools. The Geo-Enabling Initiative for Monitoring and Supervision (GEMS) has been implemented across FCV contexts globally with KTF support, exemplifying the scale and scope that global-level interventions can have.
Last Updated: Feb 17, 2020
In 2017—building on the successes and lessons learned from the implementation of the first phase—the Republic of Korea and the WBG entered Phase Two, a three-year partnership with a $15 million commitment. The objective of Phase Two is to promote a risk-based development approach to address the challenges of fragility, conflict and violence, especially in Asia and the Pacific through three mutually-supporting focus areas of engagement:
Operational Support for Conflict Sensitive Strategies and Operations: Supporting WBG country and/or sector teams for mainstreaming FCV-sensitivity in WBG strategies and operations, including:
The KTF will have a primary focus facilitating investment lending through project preparation and implementation support in key development sectors through catalytic grant projects implemented through WBG sector units.
Innovative Engagements for Development in FCV: Strengthening knowledge and innovative engagements for development in FCV, and facilitating the knowledge exchanges for WBG, FCV, clients, and Korean institutions to address multi-dimensional risks including:
Information and communication technology (ICT)-based innovative solutions to strengthen and facilitate WBG's operations in FCV contexts, partnerships and knowledge exchange will be an integral part of this area.
Management of Crisis Risk: Addressing multi-dimensional crisis risk through stronger collaboration and complementarity across humanitarian, development, and peacebuilding actors that encompass political, security, human rights, economic and social dimensions. Building on the humanitarian/development/ peace nexus, this area supports:
ICT will be an important component in operationalizing the different program areas. Given regional dynamics and characteristics, this area also focuses on strengthening comprehensive knowledge on multi-dimensional risks due to subnational and/or regional conflicts, especially for middle- income countries.
Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020
Social and Economic Empowerment of Youth in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
A grant funded by the KTF has been instrumental in addressing these issues, turning the challenge of unemployed youth into a benefit for the province. The grant built the foundations for a broader program on digital development with the creation of Pakistan’s first provincial Digital Strategy for the Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, since adopted as Government Policy. Under the program, models have been developed for skills training, entrepreneurship and business incubation initiatives that were financed by the Government with the goal of creating 75,000 new jobs by 2020. Read more in the 2018-2019 KTF Annual report (pages 18-19).
Supporting Peaceful Transitions in Myanmar
A five-year initial phase of KTF’s engagement supported the Bank’s scale-up in Myanmar, promoting aid effectiveness and filling knowledge gaps. A second phase, which started in early 2019, builds on this work in three areas: deepening contextual understanding, conducting analytical work, and ensuring the conflict sensitivity of the World Bank’s operations in this fragile and conflict-affected country.
Since 2017, the World Bank strategy for Myanmar has involved a greater focus on social inclusion and conflict-affected areas. The KTF has supported regular monthly briefings of members of the Bank management and country team (including IFC) by the Ava Group, a leading Myanmar think tank, on key political-economy dynamics in the country that would have direct or indirect impacts on the Bank’s work. It has enabled ad hoc briefings and short papers that target specific events and emerging issues, with six such papers and events since January 2018. Finally, weekly written updates on the situation in Rakhine and other conflict-affected areas were produced with KTF support; these have shifted to monthly updates on broader political-economy issues in the country, with more than 35 produced since January 2018. These briefings and notes help the World Bank country team better understand issues as they emerge, helping to shape the Bank’s work at both the strategic and project levels. Read more in the 2018-2019 KTF Annual report (pages 32-33).
Systematic Implementation of ICT-Based Support for FCV
Simplicity is key for ICT in FCV: GEMS provides local stakeholders with simple and easily scalable tools that help to gain real-time insights from areas that cannot always be accessed – ‘to get eyes on the ground where there cannot always be feet on the ground’. The added transparency and accountability that GEMS provides enhance the confidence of clients and WBG teams to operate in high-risk areas and, thus, increase the footprint of development in places that are most in need of support. Read more in the 2018-2019 KTF Annual report (pages 34-35).
Expanding Community Approaches in Conflict Situations
Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020
Healing Invisible Wounds and Rebuilding Livelihoods: Emerging Lessons for Combining Livelihood and Psychosocial Support in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings assesses evidence to generate a "hypothesis of change" that combining psychosocial with livelihood support can improve development outcomes in FCS.
Violent Incidents Monitoring Systems: A Methods Toolkit provides guidance to practitioners interested in establishing a violence monitoring system.
Understanding Violence in Southeast Asia: The Contribution of Violent Incidents Monitoring Systems draws on data from Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines to demonstrate the analytical value of granular violence data collected by local systems. A recently published blog summarizes some of the key findings.
Last Updated: Feb 17, 2020