Sharing Resilient Transport Knowledge Across Sectors and Regions

June 26, 2017


Story Highlights
  • The World Bank Disaster Risk Management Hub in Tokyo and Resilient Transport Community of Practice (CoP) hosted a week-long Technical Knowledge Exchange that convened clients and World Bank task team leaders (TTLs) from 16 countries.
  • Country representatives and World Bank teams learned from one another and from Japan’s challenges and successes with large-scale disasters. One key lesson was that continuously reviewing and enhancing domestic practices and regulations will ultimately increase the resilience of transport networks.
  • The Resilient Transport CoP will continue to connect current and future World Bank transport investments with Japanese and global expertise in order to promote increased transport network resilience in our client countries on specific projects and at the sectoral level.

On May 8 – 12, 2017, the World Bank Resilient Transport Community of Practice (CoP), Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), and the World Bank Disaster Risk Management Hub in Tokyo convened clients and TTLs from 16 countries together with experts from Japan and New Zealand for a Technical Knowledge Exchange (TKX) on Resilient Transport at the Hub. 

" Transportation infrastructure is critical to how societies function and nations develop and they account for a significant portion of public and private investments. Therefore, their resilience to disaster and climate risks is essential for good development. For the World Bank’s existing and future investments to fully realize their intended impact, policy makers, planners and engineers should consider these risks at every phase of a given asset’s life-cycle. "

Marc S. Forni

The World Bank Senior Disaster Risk Management Specialist

Transport sector investments have been integral to World Bank’s partnerships with client countries.  Since 2002, more than 260,000 kilometers of road have been constructed or rehabilitated by World Bank financed projects. Japan is a country with extensive and diverse transportation networks, and has a wealth of knowledge and experience on identifying and managing hazards that may degrade asset performance or interrupt network services.  Beyond understanding the risk, they have developed various planning processes and technologies to manage, reduce, and transfer these risks. The TKX tapped into Japanese and other global expertise by inviting speakers to share their lessons learned and example programs in relation to each of the life-cycle phases.

A wide range of practitioners – including national and local governments, the private sector, academia, and civil society organizations – shared good practices and lessons learned on how they have increased the resilience of transport networks.  Highlights from the event include:

  • The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) of Japan provided the overall institutional framework of DRM in the road sector in Japan and introduced the TEC-FORCE mechanism where the national government coordinates across regions to quickly deploy technical capacity for post disaster recovery. Nippon Expressway Company Limited (NEXCO) presented an advanced and unique model for how private highway companies can manage and operate resilient roads, and the technology and capacities put in place to respond to disasters.
  • Representatives from the New Zealand Climate Adaptation Platform at University of Auckland shared research on decision making tools and building the business case for resilience, road operators approaches to improving resilience, and innovative materials and structures for flood vulnerability reduction of coastal roads.
  • Each of the 16 participating countries presented a lightning talk on the disaster risks impacting their own transport sectors and the methods they employ to make them more resilient. This ultimately helped each country delegation develop action plans to address these challenges in their respective countries.

Introducing a New Tool for Multi-Dimensional Geohazard Risk Management

The TKX also served as a platform for the launch of the new Road Geohazard Risk Management Handbook developed by the DRM Hub, Tokyo. The tool was presented alongside case studies of its application across federal, state, and municipal levels in Brazil and Serbia. The handbook itself urges a shift away from traditional and reactive approaches towards a multi-dimensional geohazard risk management approach that incorporates people, the environment, hydrology, geology, as well as transportation infrastructure. This proactive methodology is three-fold – working through the steps of evaluating hazards, monitoring networks, and managing infrastructure accordingly – and can result in 60-70% life-cycle cost savings.

Going forward, the Resilient Transport CoP will continue to connect current and future World Bank transport investments with the information, tools, and technical expertise that exist in Japan and in many countries in the area of resilient transport. 

Japan-World Bank Program for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Management in Developing Countries