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Collaborative Management Partnerships for Protected Areas:  Virtual Training on Introduction to Establishing Effective CMPs 

February 9-17, 2022


Virtual Training on Introduction to Establishing Effective CMPs

Collaborative management partnerships (CMPs) are a type of public-private partnership used in the conservation sector to improve protected area (PA) management and support sustainable development. Published by the Global Wildlife Program, the Collaborative Management Partnership Toolkit is one of the most comprehensive reviews of CMPs in Africa and serves as a reference guide for governments and implementing partners who are considering CMPs to address challenges such as insufficient funding and threats to protected areas and wildlife.

The GWP provides technical assistance to governments and projects on the use of the CMP Toolkit to establish and strengthen CMPs for conservation and development objectives.

  • The GWP provided introductory training on the tools and principles for establishing and strengthening CMPs in PAs. The training was targeted to government officials, PA authorities, and partners from NGOs, civil society, private sector, and communities interested in CMPs along any stage of the CMP process. 

    Topics covered in the training, which attracted 140 participants across two sessions at different time zones, included: 

    1. The value of CMPs and how to identify, screen, prepare, and establish them.  

    1. Overview of the CMP Toolkit and how to use its guidance, tools, and reference materials. 

    1. Successful CMP case studies in Africa that demonstrate various models and their benefits and challenges. 

    Key Takeaways 

    • In Africa, at least 15 governments have established 40 co-management and delegated CMPs with 13 NGOs, covering approximately 11.5 percent of Africa’s PA estate. 

    • An analysis of these 40 CMPs shows they have successfully attracted investments that enhanced biodiversity conservation, created local jobs, generated revenues, and stimulated green development.

    • Each of the three primary CMP models used in Africa and discussed in the Toolkit – bilateral, integrated, and delegated - have their strengths, weaknesses, and risks. Government and private partners should carefully consider these differences to determine the most appropriate model for the selected PA.

    • Despite the demonstrated ecological, economic, and social benefits of CMPs, there has been a relatively slow update of CMPs for several reasons, including government reluctance to engage partners in PA management. Raising awareness of the government’s role in a CMP can help clarify misconceptions. The Toolkit provides additional advice on mitigating challenges.

    • The preparation and establishment of a CMP should be rigorous and follow transparent bidding and contracting processes. The Toolkit provides resources to support these processes.

    • Participants were interested in receiving further technical support on CMPs. Additional topics of interest included learning more about community engagement in CMPs and how to build capacity of local partners and communities to become stronger CMP partners.



    Wendy Li, Environment and Tourism Specialist, GWP, World Bank

    Collaborative Management Partnerships (CMPs)​ - Driving PA Management Effectiveness and Integrated Rural Development

    Kathleen Fitzgerald, GWP Advisor, World Bank 

    Q&A and Discussion 
    Survey and Next Steps
  • Unlocking the Potential of Collaborative Management Partnerships to Advance Protected Area Management and Development in Africa

    The GWP, with Lion Recovery Fund, organized a special event on collaborative management partnerships at the first ever Africa Protected Areas Congress (APAC) in Kigali, Rwanda, on July 20, 2022.

    Over 150 guests attended this event. Featured speakers included:

    • Fulton Mangwanya, Director General, Zimbabwe Parks & Wildlife Management Authority

    • Ariella Kageruka, Head of Tourism and Conservation, Rwanda Development Board

    • Pablo Villanueva, Policy Officer, European Commission

    • Jean Labuschagne, Director of Conservation Development & Assurance, African Parks 

    • Emma J. Stokes, Regional Director, Central Africa & Gulf of Guinea Program, Wildlife Conservation Society

    • Peter Lindsey, Director, Lion Recovery Fund

    • Rolande Pryce, Country Manager, Rwanda, World Bank

    Moderated by Kathleen Fitzgerald, GWP Advisor, World Bank