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  • The United States was a leading force in the establishment of the World Bank in 1944 and remains the largest shareholder of the World Bank today. As the only World Bank shareholder that retains veto power over changes in the Bank’s structure, the United States plays a unique role in influencing and shaping development priorities.

    Through the World Bank Group, the United States participates in addressing international development challenges of vital importance. The United States has a long history of generously supporting the World Bank Group's mission and has been a champion of the International Development Association (IDA), the Bank’s fund for the poorest, which provides low-interest loans and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, agriculture, communications, economic and institutional development.

    Last Updated: Feb 10, 2017

  • The World Bank Group is the biggest financier of basic health, education, infrastructure, environmental as well as governance and anti-corruption programs in the developing world.  World Bank programs help save and improve lives while expanding opportunities for the poor by promoting economic growth, which fosters global stability.  

    The United States ranked first in terms of contributions to World Bank Group trust funds between fiscal years 2012 to 2016.  Key U.S. priorities include promoting governance and fighting corruption, which is one of the greatest obstacles to economic and social development; confronting borderless threats, such as combating disease and promoting clean energy; and a strong emphasis on accountability, transparency, and development impact.

    Among the trust funds supported:

    • Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund
    • USAID Support for the National Program for Community Empowerment Support Facility (PSF)
    • Rwanda - Feeder Roads Development Project
    • Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
    • Clean Technology Fund
    • Consultative Group On International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) Multi Donor Trust Fund
    • Global Agriculture and Food Security Program

    Last Updated: Feb 10, 2017

  • Traditionally, the World Bank president has always been been a U.S. citizen nominated by the United States. The current president is Jim Yong Kim.


    The U.S. secretary of the treasury is the United States' governor for the World Bank. The governor is responsible for the management of the United States’ interests in the institution, exercising influence by keeping an open line of communication with the president of the World Bank and meeting with fellow governors at the annual and spring meetings of the Board of Governors and of the Development Committee.

    Executive Director

    The governor delegates day-to-day handling of the United States' diverse interests at the Bank to the executive director for the United States, who is nominated by the president of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate.


    Executive directors reside in Washington and meet regularly throughout the year (normally at least twice a week) to review and act on lending operations, new policy directions, and financial matters. In keeping with the World Bank Group’s access to information policy, the monthly Board Calendar is a public document. 


    The executive director represents the United States on the 25-member Board of Directors of the World Bank Group. He or she has oversight of the Bank’s governance and annual commitments of over $50 billion for the implementation of the World Bank mission to end global poverty and promote sustainable development.

    The executive director is an employee of the U.S. Department of Treasury and is supported by an alternate executive director, as well as a team of advisors representing different U.S. government agencies.

    In order to deepen public understanding in the United States of the World Bank Group's work, and to ensure that American concerns are reflected in the Bank Group's policy discussions, the Office of the U.S. Executive Director and the World Bank Group's North America Affairs Team meet regularly with nationally based constituencies in the United States, including government officials, members of Congress, and staff.

    Shares and Voting Power

    The World Bank Group has a weighted system of voting. All members of the Bank receive votes consisting of share votes (one vote for each share of the Bank's capital stock held by the member) plus basic votes (calculated so that the sum of all basic votes is equal to 5.55% of the sum of basic votes and share votes for all members). The voting power distribution differs from agency to agency within the World Bank Group.

    The United States holds 15.82% of shares in the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, with 14.97% of the voting power. It holds 10.46% of the voting power in the International Development Association, the World Bank’s fund for the poorest countries. It has 23.73% of the shares and 22.45% of the voting power in the International Finance Corporation, the Bank’s private sector arm. And it has 18.39% of the shares and 15% of the voting power in the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency.

    For the latest voting status, please visit the Voting Powers page.


    Last Updated: Feb 10, 2017


Additional Resources


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Media Inquiries:
David Theis
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