Reimbursable Advisory Services in Romania

July 21, 2020

Reimbursable Advisory Services (RAS) are customized advisory services offered by the World Bank to its members, both borrowing and graduate. RAS are requested and paid by the client using their own or third-party resources. Like other advisory and analytic services, RAS supports clients to design or implement better policies, strengthen institutions, build capacity, inform development strategies or operations, and contribute to the global development agenda.

Examples of advisory and analytic services: (a) economic and sector work, (b) technical assistance, (c) impact evaluation studies, (d) research services, (e) external training, (f) workshops and conferences. Through the application of the appropriate safeguards and risk management, the World Bank may provide technical assistance for project-related preparation and implementation support services – except for advice directly related to engineering or final design – for projects not financed by the Bank.

Types of Clients: (a) governments and government institutions of member countries, including “graduates”; (b) subnational governments; (c) state-owned enterprises; (d) non-governmental organizations and other not-for-profit organizations (such as chambers of commerce); (e) multilateral institutions, including development banks and regional organizations. The Bank does not provide RAS to commercial entities.

Costs: The costs of RAS vary from one agreement to another and are calculated using the World Bank’s standard pricing methodology that ensures the recovery of all direct and other related costs (i.e. salary and associated benefits, travel, and subsistence, support services, translation etc.) with a zero-profit margin in line with the World Bank’s mandate.

Evolution of the RAS Portfolio in Romania

At the request of the government, the World Bank launched its first RAS in Romania in 2010 to help tackle its main challenges of removing structural obstacles to the economy and ensuring that the benefits of prosperity reach all citizens - particularly the poor and vulnerable. The RAS program started with functional reviews (FR), which set the stage for Romania’s structural reform program by highlighting major challenges to improve both the central and local public administration and meet EU standards and norms.

From 2011-2015, the Bank supported the Government in implementing selected actions derived from the FR and helped advance preparations for the 2014-20 programming period under its first Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed in January 2012. In January 2016, a second MoU was signed with the government to continue its partnership on modernizing the country's public administration and supporting structural reform. The ongoing RAS portfolio supports the implementation of strategies in priority sectors and improvements in key public administration functions.

By the end of 2019, the World Bank had delivered over 50 advisory services in Romania and worked with over 30 public institutions, covering education, social inclusion and poverty reduction, regional development, public administration improvements (including the prioritization of public investments, procurement), strategic planning and service delivery, climate change, and the digital agenda.

The current program of RAS is focused on priority areas for Romania’s EU convergence, such as improved strategic planning and budgeting, evidence-based policymaking, protection of the vulnerable, education, social inclusion and poverty reduction, regional development, as well as an enhanced focus on implementation support, i.e. to strengthen the monitoring and evaluation capacity at central level. It also features a growing engagement to support municipalities including Bucharest, Constanta, Brasov, Cluj and several others.





Reimbursable Advisory Service



Assistance to the Ministry of Education and Scientific Research for Capacity Development for Monitoring and Evaluating the Implementation of Education Strategies


Informed Decision Making on Investments in Infrastructure


Technical Assistance to Enhance Quality Assurance in the Higher Education System in Romania



Regulatory Impact Assessment III RAS



Consolidating the Strategic Management Function of General Secretariat of the Government



Romania Court of Accounts - SAI for Citizens RAS



Romania: Developing a Unitary Human Resources

Animated Video: Human Resources Reform in Public Administration


Strengthening the Capacity of the General Secretariat of the Government to Accelerate Public Investments in Romania



Supporting the Establishment of an Improved Training System in the Romanian Public Administration



Supporting General Secretariat of the Government in the Improvement of the Training System in Romania



Support for scaling-up centralized procurement in the Romanian health system--ONAC Component



Support for scaling-up centralized procurement in the Romanian health system--MIA Component



Enhancing Evidence-based Policy-making by Strengthening the Capacity of the Government to Produce and Use Reliable Statistics



Assessment of the Public Procurement System and Further Support to the Implementation of the Public Procurement Strategy

Animated Video: Romania Public Procurement Strategy Support


Capacity building to accelerate the transition from institutional to community-based care for children deprived of parental care



Consolidating the Coordination Mechanism to Implement the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities



Supporting the Implementation of Romania's Human Development Operational Programme (POCU) 2014-2020



Support in Implementing Activities A2, A3, A5, A6 and A7.2 of the project on "Increasing the efficiency of interventions within the Ministry of Labor and Social Justice and its coordinated structures”



Support for Speeding up the Transition of People with Disabilities from Residential Institutions to Community-based Services



Brasov Urban Development RAS Program



Bucharest Urban Development RAS



Bucharest - Sector 5 Urban Development RAS



Consolidation of the Strategic Planning Capacity of MDRAP for Renovation of the National Building Stock for EE and Seismic Risk



Cluj County Spatial Plan RAS



Cluj-Napoca Urban Development RAS



Ilfov County Regional Development RAS



Romania Urban Policy RAS



Romania Territorial Impact Assessment RAS



Romania RAS - TA to Support Romania In Analyzing and Addressing the Challenges in Meeting the UWWTD Requirements



Technical Support for the Preparation of Flood Risk Management Plans for Romania




Reimbursable Advisory Service



Assistance to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development for Strengthening the Agri-food Sector Strategy – Formulation


Developing an Integrated Financial Management System at the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 


Implementation of an Internal Management System at the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and its Subordinated Structures


Strategic Planning for the Agricultural Administration

Blog: What does it take to modernize government administration? Lessons from Romania


Assistance to MNESR for Capacity Development for M&E the Implementation of Education Strategies



Development of Administrative Capacity of the Ministry of Education and Scientific Research

Brochure: Study on the Organizational Culture in the Ministry of Education and Scientific Research

Brochure: Management Instruments - Regulations for Organization and Functioning (ROF) and Job Descriptions within the Ministry of Education and Scienfic Research

Enhancing the Capacity of the Roma Education Fund Romania to implement the Ready Set Go project in Romania

Project Documents

Video: Pe locuri, fiti gata, start!


Informed Decision Making on Investments in Infrastructure



Preparing a Strategic Framework for Increasing Tertiary Education Attainment, Quality and Efficiency

Brochure: National Strategy for Tertiary Education in Romania

Preparing a Strategic Framework for Lifelong Learning

Brochure: The National Strategy for Lifelong Learning


Reducing Early School Leaving

Project Documents

Brochure: Strategy to Reduce Early School Leaving


Climate Change and Low Carbon Green Growth Program

Project Documents

Blog: New bike lanes and metro stations in Bucharest paid for by carbon credits

Video Animation: What is Climate Change? Mitigation and adaptation in Romania


A Better Solution for Providing Clarifications, Interpretations and Rulings on Tax Issues

Project Documents


Analysis of Capacity Building Activities in the Public Administration


Assistance to the Romanian Competition Council

Project Documents

Article: Transforming Romania’s competition architecture to make markets work


Assistance to the Ministry of Justice to Assess the Performance of the Judicial System

Project Documents


Development of the Capacity of the Central Public Administration to Carry out Impact Studies



Enhancement of Risk Based Systems of the Sectoral Operational Program for Human Resources Development


Establishment of a Performance Appraisal System for Government Officials Managing European Union Funds


Fee Based Services Center of Government

Project Documents


Fee Based Services Functional Reviews Cross-Cutting Issues


Center of Government Policy Planning and Coordination


Improvement of Human Resource Management instruments and Mechanism in order to strengthen the institutional capacity of the Romanian Ministry of Public Finance


Improving the National Framework for Preparing and Implementing Public Investments Projects


Strengthening Institutional Capacity in Fiscal Policy Formulation

Project Documents


Strengthening Public Investment Management



Support to the Establishment of a Strategy Unit



Support to the Implementation of the Public Procurement Strategy



Supporting the Implementation of Romania's Human Development Operational Programme (POCU) 2014-2020



Ploiesti Growth Pole

Project Documents


Providing Support to the Establishment of a Delivery Unit

Project Documents

Blog: The Prime Minister’s Delivery Unit in Romania is saving taxpayers their time

Blog: Lessons from the taxi industry to improve Romania’s governance


Upgrade Growth Poles Strategic Planning and Economic Impact

Project Documents


Assistance to the Ministry of Public Finance for Strengthening Debt Management

Video Interview: Stefan Nanu


Strengthening Planning and Budgeting Capacity



Establishment of a Framework for the Use of Derivatives and the Execution of Swap Transactions in Romania



Informing Project Evaluation



Prepare and Manage Public Private Partnerships

Project Documents


Preparation of a Draft National Strategy Regarding Elderly and Active Ageing


Assistance to the Ministry of European Funds to Inform Project Evaluation regarding Marginalized Community Analyses

Project Documents


Development of Plans for the De-institutionalization of Children Deprived of Parental Care and Their Transfer to Community Based Care



Provision of Inputs for the Preparing of a Draft National Strategy and Action Plan on Social Inclusion and Poverty Reduction

Project Documents

Animated Video: Integration of Marginalized Communities - a Gain for All


Study on Diagnostics and Policy Advice for Supporting Roma Integration in Romania

Project Documents


Assessment of the Communication and Collaboration Between Mas and Intermediate Bodies Of The (ROP) and Facilitation of Proactive and Direct Support for Beneficiaries

Project Documents


Constanta Urban Development RAS Program



Danube Delta Integrated Sustainable Development Strategy

Project Documents


Elaboration of Integration Strategies for Poor Areas and Disadvantaged Communities

Project Documents

Animated Video: Integration of Marginalized Communities - a Gain for All


Enhanced Spatial Planning as a Precondition for Urban Development

Project Documents

Slideshow: Romanian Regional Development Program-Enhanced Spatial Planning Report


Harmonizing State and EU Funded Projects in Regions

Project Documents

Blog: Turning Romania’s secondary cities into engines of growth

Blog: Metropolitan development is central to Romania’s economic development

Blog: How can Romania’s cities strengthen implementation capacity for greater development impact?

Animated Video: Economic Growth in Romania - Using people for the core

Animated Video: Market Forces - Shaping Development in Romania

Animated Video: Competitive Cities - Engine of Romania's Economic Development


Real Estate - Basis for National and EU Policies

Project Documents

Support for the Institutional Capacity Development of ADI Integrated Territorial Investment Danube Delta


Technical Assistance for the Identification of Project Selection Models



Strengthen Strategic Planning in the Transport Sector


Support to the Implementation of the National Strategy for Digital Agenda

Blog: What will it take for Romania to fully reap the dividends of digital transformation?


Competitiveness Enhancement and Smart Specialization Policies in the West Region


Strengthening the Regulatory Impact Assessment Framework in Romania

Animated Video: Regulatory Impact Analysis