The Urbanization Reviews, diagnostics of 30 countries covering 53 percent of the global urban population, provides evidence to help shape policy and prioritize investments for cities worldwide, preparing for 1.6 billion new urban residents by 2050.
To meet the vast need for urban infrastructure investments, City Creditworthiness Academy workshops have been conducted in Nairobi, Seoul and Arusha over the past year under the Low Carbon Livable Cities Initiative, reaching 66 cities in 22 countries.
Projects support green, inclusive, resilient and competitive cities across the world, and at various stages of urban development.
Green Cities: In Morocco, the Solid Waste Development Policy Loan Program (a series of loans in 2009, 2011 and 2003 for US$133 million, US$139 million and US$130 million respectively) helped transform the country’s solid waste sector by emphasizing broader social, environmental and economic sustainability in addition to cleanliness in cities.
Inclusive Cities: In Honduras, the Barrio Ciudad Project (2005-2103, US$15 million, IDA) contributed to improving the quality of life for 56,000 direct and 925,000 indirect beneficiaries in 21 poor urban neighborhoods in eight rapidly growing cities. Improvements for households include achieving universal access to potable water in 2013 from 90 percent in 2005, and increasing access to sanitary sewage systems to over 81 percent in 2013 from 25 percent in 2005. Activities to prevent crime and violence at the community level were also incorporated.
Resilient Cities: In Vietnam, the Ho Chi Minh City Environmental Sanitation Project (2001 – 2012, US$248 million IDA) supported the transformation of a once-polluted canal running through the city’s central business district into an attractive place for people and businesses, while controlling wastewater and floods. Some 1.2 million people now benefit from a modern sanitation and flood control system that is a model for other waterway clean-up projects.
Competitive Cities: In Russia, the St. Petersburg Economic Development Project (2003-2014, US$ 101.0 million, IBRD) contributed to the city's local economic development through a combination of policy measures to develop SMEs, land/real estate markets, and city financial management and investments to rehabilitate nine major cultural heritage sites.
Strong systems: In Tanzania, the Strategic Cities Project (2010-2015, US $163 million, IDA, with a US$ 50 million additional financing under preparation) is the Bank’s first support for the government’s decentralization policy. All urban infrastructure are being procured, managed, implemented and maintained by local governments in a decentralized manner. Tanzania’s first integrated GIS-based computerized urban management and revenue system was introduced, including tax reporting, revenue collection and urban planning. Infrastructure realized so far includes 123km of roads, 15.10km of drainage, 3 landfills and 6 bus/lorry terminals, with an estimated 620,837 direct beneficiaries to date.
Urban governance: In Pakistan, the Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (2006-2013, US$ 50.0 million IBRD) introduced a culture of performance management across 105 local governments in Punjab, Pakistan. It has helped operationalize systems and business processes, which in turn have led to improved governance, transparency, and accountability.
Last Updated: Sep 30,2014