As of end-FY14, Social Development had an active operational portfolio of 31 projects totaling $3.1 billion, consisting mainly of projects that adopted the CDD approach. The largest share of this portfolio is in the East Asia and Pacific Region, which had 16 projects, consisting of 78 percent of the overall Social Development portfolio. Examples of results in operations include:
- The first stand-alone citizen security investment project was approved by the World Bank in December 2012. The Honduran Safer Municipalities Project (US$15 million credit) is designed to improve the capacity of national and local governments in violence prevention. Several municipalities have designed and are implementing municipality coexistence and citizen security plans aimed at violence prevention.
Additionally, in the Latin American and Caribbean region, the Jamaica Youth Employment in Animation and Digital Industries (US$20 million) was approved by the Board in July 2014. This project is designed to support youth employment in the digital and animation industries and is expected to leverage significant private sector participation during implementation. It follows on completion of a successful four month pilot completed in 2012, “Digital Jam 2.0,” which sought to provide youth with new opportunities in the global virtual economy. Some of the pilot results included employment of 4,500 Jamaican youths in various micro-work platforms and a 37percent increase in new online workers from June to July 2012, along with commercial interest expressed by investors in many of the apps completed as part of Digital Jam 2.0.
- The Philippines National Community Driven Development Project (NCCDP) totaling US$479 million was approved by the Board in February 2014. This project scales up the ongoing KALAHI-CIDSS project to cover all of the estimated 847 poorest municipalities in the country, including areas affected by Typhoon Yolanda that hit the country in November 2013. The KALAHI-CIDSS project, which has benefited over 1.6 million households in the poorest municipalities since 2002, has had significant impacts on poverty reduction, including a 12 percent increase in per capita consumption and a significant increase in access to basic services.
- The Indonesia National Program for Community Empowerment, known as PNPM Mandiri, is Indonesia’s community-driven development program worth approximately $1.2 billion per year. PNPM, which the Bank helped establish and support over the past 15 years, now covers all 72,000 villages and cities in the country, benefiting approximately 45 million poor people. Impact evaluations for the PNPM Rural program found that it is highly effective at reaching the poor: real per capita consumption gains were 11 percent higher among poor households, the proportion of households moving out of poverty in poor sub-districts was 9.2 percent higher in program areas, and vulnerable households near the poverty line were less at risk of falling into poverty. Access to health services increased almost 11 percent in poor areas, and a specially designed community health and education program under PNPM - known as PNPM Generasi - has shown a 10 percent reduction in child malnutrition and improvements in education indicators.
- The Myanmar National Community Driven Development Project, the first World Bank operation in Myanmar in decades, was approved in November 2012 (US$80 million IDA grant). The project supports the government's shift to a "people-centered" approach to development by enabling poor rural communities to benefit from improved access to, and use of, basic infrastructure and services. Over the first year of implementation, over 235,000 villagers gained better access to roads, clean water, schools and health centers and is expanding to cover nearly 1 million people.
- The Second Azerbaijan Rural Investment Project which was approved in July 2012 (IDA US$30 million) received US$50 million in additional financing in July 2014 to scale up the rehabilitation of critical infrastructure and livelihood activities. With this new financing, the project is expected to reach over 3.5 million beneficiaries in 1,800 poor rural communities across the country. Results from the first phase of the project indicated that mobility had improved as a result of the rehabilitation of rural roads, with travel times to schools and market reduced by 47 percent and 26 percent respectively, while primary school enrollment increased by 25 percent after school rehabilitation.
- The Morocco National Initiative for Human Development (INDH) was launched in 2005 with the objectives of combating social and economic exclusion and improving the living conditions of poor and vulnerable groups through enhanced economic opportunities, better access to basic services and improved governance. INDH is based on local participatory governance and community-driven development (CDD) principles, and incorporates core values of inclusiveness, accountability and transparency. The first phase of INDH (2007-2010) was supported through a $100 million sector-wide project during which more than 22,000 sub-projects were financed, providing over 5 million beneficiaries with access to basic social and economic infrastructure services, and training. INDH-2 (US$300 million) launched in June 2011, is the largest ever loan to Morocco and the first Bank-wide Program for Results operation. INDH-2 expanded the target population, geographic scope and resource allocation.
In 2012, the World Bank began a process to update and consolidate the Bank’s policy framework for environmental and social safeguards. Following an initial phase of global consultations that involved more than 2,000 people in 40 countries, the draft Environmental and Social Framework was presented to the Committee on Development Effectiveness (CODE) of the World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors on July 30, 2014. The Board Committee provided clearance to the Bank to consult publicly on the draft. The second phase of consultations with stakeholders is under way. The goal of the consultations is to help inform the formulation of specific policy revisions, taking into account implications for implementation and operations.
Social Development produced multiple knowledge products in FY14, including the Flagship Study on Social Inclusion, ‘Inclusion Matters: The Foundation for Shared Prosperity’ which was launched during the Annual Meetings in 2013. Work has recently been completed on the flagship report on social accountability (to be published in November 2014), which provides guidance on how to assess contextual drivers of social accountability effectiveness, with the aim of more strategically supporting Citizen Engagement both at the country level and for a specific issue or problem in a particular sector.
Given the persistent challenges of poverty and widening inequality, with the poor increasingly found in middle-income countries as well as in fragile states, the Social Development principles of inclusion, cohesion, resilience and accountability will continue to be integrated across the institution: at the country level – through diagnostics and programming work; across the World Bank’s portfolio – in its development policy and investment lending alike; and through analytical work exploring key social sustainability challenges.
Last Updated: Oct 07, 2014