The Bank’s mission is to help Brazil secure long-term sustainable growth, providing development opportunities for its population. Under the Bank's 2012-2015 Partnership Strategy were approved U$ 8.8 billion in new IBRD lending. The key pillars of the strategy are to:
(i) strengthen public and private investment;
(ii) improve service delivery to the poor;
(iii) strengthen regional and territorial development; and
(iv) support the effective management of natural resources and the environment. The focus of the investments has been for subnational entities (states and large municipalities) and Brazil's Northeast, the country's poorest region.
In April 2015, there were 53 active projects financed by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) in Brazil, for a total of US$10.2 billion in commitments. Another 62 global environmental projects, carbon finance, and recipient-executed projects were also active, totaling US$129 million in grants.
The World Bank Group’s support focuses on reaching the poorest and achieving higher levels of quality and efficiency in social services. The main goals are to eradicate poverty and share prosperity in the country through the support of Government actions by the World Bank and its branch for the private sector, the International Finance Corporation (IFC).
Bank-financed projects include support for the highly effective Bolsa Família conditional cash transfer program that reaches 12.7 million families (or nearly 50 million people). The program is among the most effective social protection programs in the world, having contributed to the reduction of inequality and extreme poverty.
Active projects also include several sustainable rural development projects in the Northeast and many education, water and urban interventions. The Bank has also helped support Brazil’s internationally renowned AIDS program and the Amazon Region Protected Areas Initiative, which helps contain deforestation in the Amazon.
In addition to directly supporting programs in the country, the Bank also produces numerous important research reports, such as the “20 Years of SUS”, and uses its global network to ensure that other countries benefit from Brazil's knowledge in areas where the country is an acknowledged global leader, such as clean energy, tropical agricultural research, conditional cash transfers, AIDS prevention and community-driven development.
In order to disseminate experiences and good practices, the Brazil Learning Initiative for a World Without Poverty (WWP) is part of a global effort to systematically capture knowledge about the implementation and results of government programs – an approach sometimes referred to as the ‘Science of Delivery’ – and disseminate experiences both nationally and internationally. It is a partnership between the World Bank, the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) of the United Nations Program for Development (UNDP), the Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA) of the Secretariat of Strategic Affairs (SAE) and the Ministry of Social Development and Fight against Hunger (MDS).
The Bank has been very active helping states and municipalities put in place results-oriented management practices. Some examples include:
Natural Resources Management
In few countries is the ecosystem as crucial to development and people's welfare as in Brazil. The country has one-third of the world’s tropical rain forests, twenty percent of the world’s fresh water, and a savanna with the greatest biodiversity in the world, the Cerrado. A significant part of Brazil’s economy relies on the use of natural resources.
However, these resources depend on sustainable use for maximum social and economic benefits, and Brazil is increasingly suffering from extreme climate events, including floods and droughts, that especially jeopardize the livelihoods of the poor and make the country more vulnerable to natural disasters.
The World Bank's support for a sustainable Brazil is directed at improving quality of life through better local services in urban and rural areas, and for efficient management of Brazil’s abundant but fragile natural assets.
Indicators show progress on protection and sustained development of the large biomes, however, sanitation and pollution control are still major challenges.
In Brazil, a set of programs is allowing the country to preserve its rich environment without excluding economic opportunities for the traditional communities living in rich biodiversity areas, including the Amazon Region Protected Areas Program (ARPA) and the Marine Protected Areas – a pioneer initiative that will more than triple the marine area under protection.
The active promotion of gender equality is an essential component of the World Bank's strategy in Brazil, and has expanded considerably since 2010. Gender considerations are included in most projects, by establishing strategic partnerships, as with the women’s caucus in the Brazilian National Parliament -- and by undertaking dedicated research. In Rio de Janeiro, the innovative "Via Lilás Program" allows female users of the Supervia Urban Train System (PPP) to have greater access to basic gender support services. It will pilot the establishment of Women Support Centers, Women Services Kiosks, Child Care Centers, and a permanent public awareness campaign against domestic violence. In more than 14 states WBG projects incorporate gender such as anti-domestic violence actions, promotion of economic inclusion, improvement of health services, and/or reduction of teen pregnancy.