Classification of Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations


The list of fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS) is released annually by the World Bank Group (WBG). Given the complexity of fragility and conflict, the list is not meant to be comprehensive— it does not include all countries affected, nor is it a ranking of countries. The list functions primarily as a tool to help the WBG adapt its approaches, policies, and instruments in difficult and complex environments. The WBG also uses it for monitoring and accountability around its support for the most vulnerable and marginalized communities. The list is based on publicly available global indicators and is updated every year to reflect changes in country situations.

The list distinguishes between countries based on the nature and severity of issues they face. The classification uses the following categories:

  • Countries with high levels of institutional and social fragility, identified based on publicly available indicators that measure the quality of policy and institutions and manifestations of fragility.
  • Countries affected by violent conflict, identified based on a threshold number of conflict-related deaths relative to the population. This category includes two sub-categories based on the intensity of violence: countries in high-intensity conflict and countries in medium-intensity conflict.


Last Updated: Jul 01, 2021