Extremely poor road conditions and frequent landslides means it is often impossible to travel along the Dili-Ainaro road, particularly during Timor-Leste’s rainy season. This is not only caused by the effects of the weather, but also by a lack of maintenance and poor design, with many roads lacking drainage infrastructure and strong foundations. As a result of these road conditions, communities are becoming increasingly isolated, vehicle operating and freight costs are increasing, and journey times continue to impact on livelihoods and key services such as health and education.
The project is improving travel conditions and accessibility along the Dili-Ainaro road by developing climate resilient infrastructure and maintaining it. The work will reduce the impact of heavy rains and other climate-related damage on the road corridor. The physical works include:
- slope stabilization, including construction or reinforcement of structures and bioengineering;
- improvement of drainage structures to meet forecast rainfall volumes and intensities;
- pavement repairs.
The project was initiated in 2011 and work on the road is on-going. As of April 2016, 30% of the drainage work is now completed, slopes have been protected at more than 150 locations along the project corridor, and almost 20% of the road’s pavement has been improved.
The project has also supported the Government of Timor-Leste to develop a compensation payment system for construction-affected communities anywhere that will be used for future similar-scale infrastructure projects in Timor-Leste.