Basic Services across Rural and Urban Areas

December 14, 2015


Solid waste equipment in Tiquina.

World Bank

Small municipalities in the Lake Titicaca Region of Bolivia, an important tourism area for the country, lack the sanitation, solid waste and other basic services needed to grow tourism sustainably and to respond to the basic needs of the population. The municipalities have both rural and urban characteristics, and using IDA financing a combination of infrastructure was provided to respond to these circumstances.


Water supply Facilities in Achacachi.

World Bank


Lake Titicaca is an important ecosystem and a world-class tourist attraction. At the time of Project design there were many issues that needed to be addressed to foster sustainable development of the Lake Titicaca Region.  Among them there was a considerable backlog in infrastructure and basic services, including sporadic solid waste management services. The municipalities were not able to respond to the demands of tourism and the basic needs of their urban and rural populations.


The project included investments that improved the basic needs of people in rural areas and the urban services that support tourism in the urban areas of the municipalities. The This combination of investments was important to adapt them investments to the situation in these municipalities which had both urban and rural characteristics. Among the most important investments were those made in rural sanitation and the introduction of solid waste management services in urban areas.


The project was able to benefit a total of 57, 817 people, 54% of which are female.  Among the most important results achieved, all of which were delivered between June 2014 and June 2015, were:

  • The provision of improved water and sanitation in 39 rural areas (2,536 people with improved sanitation and 8,414 people with improved water sources).
  • The introduction of solid waste collection, urban cleansing and disposal services in four tourist municipalities (serving a population of 19,362).  These are among the first systems of this type for municipalities of this size in Bolivia.

Bank Group Contribution

The Bank financing was originally SDR 12.8 million (USD 20 million) and was reduced to SDR 6.33 million (USD 9.9 million) after a partial cancelation of the credit resources.


The project partnered with the Ministry of Environment, Water Supply and Water (MMAyA) who provided joint technical review.  The project also provided important support to the development of the solid waste sector through the investments which were among the first of their type in Bolivia and were of great interest to MMAyA as examples for the sector.

Moving Forward

To help ensure operational sustainability of the project investments, a complementary contract for “community development and institutional strengthening” was undertaken. In addition to communication and consultation activities, the activities developed with the municipalities or water utilities the institutional and organizational framework and the capacity needs and operational procedures to administer and operate the facilities. In addition, a tariff structure was established in consultation with the communities. For the solid waste landfills, support was provided during construction and the beginning of operation through a South-South Exchange with a municipality in Colombia of a similar size. The exchange included visits to Colombia and two visits of the Colombians to Bolivia and was supported by regional experts in the operation of landfills.


The Bolivian portion of the Lake Titicaca supports a population of approximately 324,000 people, 93% of which had unmet basic needs. The population is mainly indigenous Aymara, dedicated to agriculture, livestock, tourism, trading, fishing, and mining, activities that rely on the natural resources of the Lake and its surrounding area.  The project benefited a portion of this population (57, 817).

Solid Waste Management Systems: These subprojects upgraded and introduced services of urban cleansing (sweeping); waste collection; and waste disposal. It included equipment and works to help modernize these services including vehicles for collection, sweeping equipment, and the construction of disposal sites. The projects were implemented in four municipalities, Copacabana, Achacachi, Tiquina and Tiwanacu with a total beneficiary population of 19,362, the majority of which live in the urban areas of these municipalities.

Rural Water Supply Systems:  These systems provided water supply systems for rural households. They included the works to provide the source, storage and delivery through household connections of the water supply. The project established systems in 34 rural communities in 4 municipalities (Puerto Perez, Laja, Achacachi y Huatajata) benefiting 8,414 people and 31 water utilities.

Rural Sanitation Systems: These systems provided basic sanitation for rural households through the construction of ecological sanitation systems. The project established 634 systems in 5 rural communities located in 3 municipalities (Acacachi, Huatajata, and Santiago de Huata) benefitting a population of 2,536.

Sewerage Project in Viacha:  The Project financed a sewerage system in a two districts of the city of Viacha which is part of a larger investment in sewerage in the other districts in the city and a wastewater treatment The works financed by the Project include the collection systems for two urban districts with a population of 27,505.


Landfill in Tiquina.

World Bank.
57, 817 people
were benefited with this project.

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