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Recent working papers and journal articles


Multidimensional and Specific Inequalities
Michael Lokshin & James E. Foster


The Social Protection Engel Curve (World Bank Economic Review)
Michael Lokshin, Martin Ravallion, & Iván Torre

Who Suffers the Most from the Cost-of-Living Crisis?
Michael Lokshin, Zurab Sajaia & Iván Torre 

The importance of financial education for the effective use of formal financial services ( Journal of Financial Literacy and Wellbeing)
Saniya Ansar, Leora Klapper & Dorothe Singer

Toward Environmentally Sustainable Public Institutions: The Green Government IT Index
Michael Lokshin & Eduardo Widmar

The links between COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and non-pharmaceutical interventions (Social Science & Medicine)
Maurizio Bussolo, Nayantara Sarma & Iván Torre

Competition and Firm Recovery Post-COVID-19 (Small Business Economics)
Miriam Bruhn, Asli Demirguc-Kunt & Dorothe Singer

Human Capital and Climate Change
Noam Angrist, Kevin Winseck, Harry Anthony Patrinos & Joshua Graff Zivin


Electoral Cycles and Public Spending during the Pandemic
Michael Lokshin, Aylén Rodriguez-Ferrari & Iván Torre

Explaining the Evolution of Job Tenure in Europe, 1995–2020
Maurizio Bussolo, Damien Capelle, Michael M. Lokshin, Iván Torre & Hernan Winkler

Job Tenure and Structural Change in the Transition Economies of Europe
Maurizio Bussolo, Michael M. Lokshin, Nicolás Oviedo & Iván Torre

Protect Incomes or Protect Jobs? The Role of Social Policies in Post-Pandemic Recovery
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Michael Lokshin & Iván Torre

Returns to Education in the Public and Private Sectors: Europe and Central Asia (Munich Personal RePEc Archive)
Harry Patrinos & Claudio Montenegro

Returns to Education in Greece: Evidence from the 1977 Labor Market Survey Using the Greek Civil War as an Instrument (IZA Discussion Papers)
Harry A. Patrinos

Capturing the Educational and Economic Impacts of School Closures in Poland
Tomasz Gajderowicz, Maciej Jakubowski, Harry Anthony Patrinos & Sylwia Wrona

Measuring human capital in middle income countries (Journal of Comparative Economics)
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt and Iván Torre


Effects of Public Sector Wages on Corruption: Wage Inequality Matters
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Michael Lokshin & Vladimir Kolchin

I Perceive Therefore I Demand: The Formation of Inequality Perceptions and Demand for Redistribution (The Review of Income and Wealth)
Maurizio Bussolo, Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Anna Giolbas & Iván Torre

The Highways and Side Roads of Statistical Capacity Building
Michael Lokshin

Would Mexican Migrants be Willing to Guarantee Americans a Basic Income?
Michael Lokshin & Martin Ravallion


Opening-up Trajectories and Economic Recovery: Lessons after the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic (CESifo Economic Studies)
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Michael Lokshin and Iván Torre

The Sooner, the Better: The Early Economic Impact of Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions during the COVID-19 Pandemic (Economics of Transition and Institutional Change)
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, Michael Lokshin & Iván Torre

The Important Role of Equivalence Scales: Household Size, Composition, and Poverty Dynamics in the Russian Federation
Kseniya Abanokova, Hai-Anh H. Dang & Michael M. Lokshin

Hide and Protect: A Role of Global Financial Secrecy in Shaping Domestic Institutions
Gulnaz Sharafutdinova & Michael Lokshin

Feeling Poor, Feeling Rich, or Feeling Middle-Class: An Empirical Investigation
Maurizio Bussolo, Mathilde Lebrand & Iván Torre

Scarred but Wiser: World War 2's COVID Legacy
Michael Lokshin, Vladimir Kolchin & Martin Ravallion


Management Capabilities and Performance of Firms in the Russian Federation
Arti Grover Goswami & Iván Torre

Vertical and Horizontal Redistribution: Evidence from Europe (Research on Economic Inequality)
Maurizio Bussolo, Carla Krolage, Mattia Makovec, Andreas Peichl, Marc Stöckli, Iván Torre & Christian Wittneben

The Missing Market for Work Permits
Michael Lokshin & Martin Ravallion

Disclaimer: The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in these papers are entirely those of the authors. They do not necessarily represent the views of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank and its affiliated organizations, or those of the Executive Directors of the World Bank or the governments they represent