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Global Procurement Partnership Multi-Donor Trust Fund

The Global Procurement Partnership Multi-Donor Trust Fund (GPP MDTF) is a five-year program that aims to support innovative activities for procurement reforms at the global and country level. The GPP MDTF provides the World Bank and its partners the space to initiate conversations on the key role that public procurement has in spurring better development outcomes for a country. The GPP MDTF promotes a global dialogue on the value of well-functioning procurement systems by supporting enhanced donor coordination, responsible innovation, and evidence-based research.

How the program emerged: Tackling a global challenge

a globe and several hands holding money and a bulb
All over the world, countries face similar public procurement challenges. There is a perceived unevenness in the quality of public procurement systems, and moreover, an absence of global consensus on standards for the public procurement profession. Various diagnostic and technical tools and approaches for reform have existed at different levels of use, acceptance, and implementation – though not all stakeholders have access to these methodologies, especially in low-income and fragile or conflict settings. Moreover, different socio-political situations and regulations often make it difficult to have a common roadmap for reforms of countries’ procurement systems. The GPP MDTF intends to develop mutual reliance among partners to cultivate synergies among existing and planned initiatives to maximize development impact of procurement reforms.

How we work

Graphic with elements of procurement process
The GPP MDTF has three windows for funding that include a total of 28 projects in more than 20 countries. Window embraces the development of global public goods – tools that can be adapted broadly and create standards that meet the needs of a wide range of countries. Window 2 supports the improvement of procurement systems by identifying challenges and indicating recommendations for reform actions through detailed diagnostics. Window 3 promotes systematic and evidence-based research on the impact of effective reform approaches.

The three windows were designed to show a strong distribution of support to some of the poorest countries and fragile and conflict-affected states in a variety of areas that range from professionalization to citizen engagement. The overall objective of the program is to influence policy debates and decisions on the efficient use of public resources that will improve people’s lives through better service delivery.


Public procurement is a critical strategic tool to support poverty reduction and sustainable development. Innovative activities and effective procurement reform initiatives, that have a positive impact on the way governments use public resources to deliver goods, services, and works, should be widely promoted. By sharing great examples, policymakers can learn how to improve public procurement frameworks. Lessons and results from the procurement reforms, global tools, and evidence-based research under the Global Procurement Partnership Multi-Donor Trust Fund (GPP MDTF) are already emerging and will hopefully foster global discussions.

Window 1 | Window 2 | Window 3 | Results Framework

GPP MDTF Window 1: Global Public Goods
Global Public Goods

Window 1
, several global goods and tools are being developed to support the reform of legal and regulatory instruments and enhance the modernization of public procurement systems through greater use of disruptive technology.

The Open Contracting Data Toolkit concluded with the development of a primer and a report that outlines how to best identify suitable and well-documented open-source tools for procurement transparency. These tools, co-developed in close collaboration with the Open Contracting Partnership, have a demonstrated impact and are designed to facilitate adaptation and reuse by other interested stakeholders around the world.
Tool re-use in open contracting: A Primer | Evaluation Matrix | Guidance for tool authors and support providers | Key findings and research methodology (.pdf version)

The Global Public Procurement Database (GPPD) captures data on country procurement and e-Government Procurement (e-GP) systems at a global level. The aim of the GPPD is to promote procurement reform and innovation through improved transparency and knowledge-sharing, by providing a one-stop publicly available online database of global public procurement information.

The Development of MAPS Tool has promoted MAPS sustainability and capacity building to date. MAPS is an instrument that allows a country, regardless of its income or development level, to assess the functionality of their public procurement system. The objective of MAPS is to support countries in their efforts to implement modern, efficient, sustainable, and more inclusive public procurement systems, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals. The World Bank has been conducting face-to-face training on MAPS and is leading the development of training modules to ensure high-quality support to its clients.

The Administrative Remedies Against Corruption project is completed and contributing to a new project on using Artificial Intelligence to identify procurement risks. Two other activities are being concluded: The Performance-Based project and the Framework Agreements. Results will be posted in the future.

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GPP MDTF Window 2: reform and capacity building program - graphic
Country-based Reform and Capacity Building Program

Window 2
comprises a significant part of the GPP MDTF portfolio and has two sub-windows (2.1. and 2.2). While in window 1 MAPS refers to the development of the MAPS tool, its supplementary modules, and face-to-face training activities, window 2 covers assessments under implementation with funding from the program.

Under window 2.1, 21 country procurement systems assessments are being conducted. These MAPS highlight where reforms are most needed and indicate how they can best be implemented. Assessments were concluded for Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Kazakhstan, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, and Zambia. The Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Moldova, and Ethiopia are expected to be delivered this year (2020). Early examples of the most desirable achievements are emerging. For instance, in Bangladesh, the government has already taken the initiative to implement several key recommendations from the MAPS draft report.

Window 2.2 supports three types of activities: (i) help with the development of action plans for fragile and conflict-affected states and low-income countries; (ii) support the development of roadmaps for specific recommendations, and; (iii) assist with the implementation of action plan reforms. 

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knowledge-sharing and impact evaluation graphic
 Knowledge-Sharing and Impact Evaluation

Initial findings from Window 3 projects show that relevant research can generate important knowledge on procurement approaches.

The Brazilian Ministry of Planning Price Panel activity results show that the price panel system drove down estimated and actual awarded prices. The report is being structured in a way that allows other governments to replicate the system. A report will be forthcoming.

The Engineering, Procurement, and Construction Contracts (EPC) study analyzes outcomes of traditional admeasurement contracts and EPC contracts through case studies in China, India, Pakistan, Kenya, and the Philippines, and brief studies from a few other countries. The report discusses the advantages of EPC contracts for contractors and employers and looks at the road/highways sector in places with rapid upscale in the use of EPC contracts, such as China and India for evidence on effectiveness. Initial findings show EPC contracts experienced significantly fewer delays in implementation, have performed much better in terms of cost overrun. A sustainability plan for this research is being developed. A report will be forthcoming.

The e-procurement impact evaluation in Bangladesh will conclude in a paper and policy note on the retrospective impact evaluation of the e-GP roll out in Bangladesh. Preliminary results show that e-GP has increased access, efficiency, and economy of public procurement. Electronic-Government Procurement in Bangladesh yielded direct cost savings for the government of 47 billion BDT (0.6 billion USD) during 2011-2018. It is expected that these reports and the Randomized Control Trial on electronic contract management will help influence the government’s future public procurement reform decisions. A paper and policy note will be forthcoming.

Results from other two projects, “China and Vietnam – Disclosing Ceiling Budgets” and “India: e-Procurement Performance Measurement”, will be shared in due time.

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Results Framework


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The GPP MDTF aims to build evidence and operational knowledge on public procurement through its funding of projects, knowledge sharing, and learning activities. Different knowledge products were developed to share our work and spark a discussion about public procurement and good governance. Findings and results are also being shared through learning events.


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    What Rwanda Can Teach Us About Effective Public Procurement Reform Using MAPS Assessments

    In order to improve its public procurement system and keep practices in line with international procurement frameworks, the Government of Rwanda sought World Bank assistance in January 2019 to carry out an assessment using the latest universal tool, MAPS.
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    Improving Public Procurement in Zambia and How to Get There with MAPS

    Recommendations from this MAPS Assessment, supported by the World Bank, can help the Zambian government make more informed decisions on their next steps to reforming their procurement system.
  • Construction works for the Panama Canal expansion project

    Five Reasons Why You Should Check Out this Procurement Database

    Searching for relevant, useful, and reliable information can become a frustrating mission, especially when related to public procurement. It was based on this premise that the World Bank developed the Global Public Procurement Database.

  • Global Public Procurement Database - Graphic with logo

    Global Public Procurement Database Virtual Launch Event

    On March 18th, 2020, the World Bank launched the Global Public Procurement Database (GPPD) – the world’s first database dedicated to the collection of country-specific public procurement information from 218 countries and territories.
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    Event Recording: Machine Learning Based Public Procurement Data Transformation

    Public procurement data is, usually, available in a format that is quite challenging for humans to transform into a form that can be analyzed for evidence-based public procurement reforms. This event discussed how this gap can be filled through machine learning. This event was organized as part of the open contracting data toolkit project.

  • Open Contracting Primer Graphic

    Tool Re-use in Open Contracting: A Primer

    (.pdf version)
    For organizations interested in re-using an open contracting tool. The primer includes an introduction to some available tools, a step-by-step guide to help an organization formalize exactly what they need, and a detailed look at how to evaluate whether a tool is the right fit and whether the right conditions are in place for successful re-use of that tool.
  • Open Contracting: Evaluation Matrix graphic

    Open Contracting: Evaluation Matrix

    (.pdf version)
    A matrix designed to accompany the evaluation framework introduced in the primer.
  • Open Contracting: Guidance graphic

    Open Contracting: Guidance for Tool Authors and Support Providers

    (.pdf version)
    A set of suggestions for how tool authors and open contracting support providers can enable or support successful open contracting tool re-use.

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    Rwanda: Assessment of the Public Procurement System

    (.pdf version)
    This report shares the findings of an in-depth analysis of the public procurement system of Rwanda, using the latest MAPS assessment tool.

The Global Procurement Partnership Multi-Donor Trust Fund (GPP MDTF) is managed and supervised by the World Bank’s Governance Global Practice–Procurement Department and is supported by the European Commission, the French Development Agency, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs.

Partners Logos: European Commission, Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and French Development Agency

The GPP MDTF is pleased to announce the launch of Window 2.2: Support to Enhancing Country Procurement Systems.

Window 2.2. will provide funding to address priorities identified in previously completed MAPS assessments led by the World Bank. There are three types of activities that the GPP MDTF will aim to support in this call:

Type 1
Development of Public Procurement Reform Action Plans
This activity type supports the development of action plans for public procurement reform to generate a list of priority reform actions based on recommendations identified through the MAPS exercise. Fragile and Conflict-Affected states and low-income countries are eligible to apply.
Type 2
Analytical support to produce detailed Roadmaps for specific reform categories          
This activity type includes just-in-time analytical support on formulating detailed roadmaps for a specific category of recommendation. Applications are open to countries with completed action plans but that require more in-depth development of next steps on the identified category.
Type 3
Implementing Reform Actions from country reform action plans 
This activity type supports the implementation of key reform actions based on country action plans, that are developed in response to MAPS recommendations. Applications are open to countries with complete and specific reform action plans or roadmaps with a clear and immediate strategy for implementing reforms.

The proposals will undergo a rigorous selection process. The GPP MDTF will prioritize applications that demonstrate a catalytic effect in public procurement. The selected proposals will be shared on this page in Q3 2020.

For more information World Bank staff can access this page.

Procurement for Development

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GPP MDTF Secretariat