Your Excellency, President el-Sisi; Excellencies, Heads of State; Honorable Ministers; Distinguished Guests; Ladies and Gentlemen. It is wonderful to be here in Egypt. Thank you for your warm welcome. I am honored to be your guest.
I congratulate the Tripartite Heads of State for the hard work put into the Tripartite Free Trade Agreement. My hope is that you find a path to finalize a trade agreement that presents new economic opportunities for the poor and vulnerable to lead better lives.
A free trade agreement could be an important milestone for the economic future for the continent, connecting Cairo to Cape Town and much in-between, and integrating Africa more completely into the global economy. The heads of state have laid out an ambitious agenda, bringing together 26 countries; a GDP of more than $1.2 trillion dollars; and more than half a billion people. Quite simply, it has the potential to transform the continent.
Free trade, of course, cannot end extreme poverty and boost shared prosperity by itself. These agreements must be accompanied by policies and programs that help the majority of the population to benefit from greater trade. This includes quality education for youth, better infrastructure, more affordable communications technologies, and better access to financial services.
Africa has made tremendous progress over the past two decades, achieving impressive growth rates and broadening the base of development. But we are now faced with increasing global uncertainty–declining commodity prices, escalating conflict in some parts of the world, the threat of climate change, and infectious diseases that know no borders.
I can assure you that the World Bank Group is strongly committed to helping you manage these risks. In Africa and the Middle East regions, we provided nearly $20 billion in assistance in 2014, and we’re on track to provide similar levels this year. We’ve reorganized to emphasize our greatest strengths – the marriage of our vast knowledge to innovative financing to deliver programs to your countries that have the greatest impact. We’re promoting a global pandemic facility to better prevent and respond to health epidemics like Ebola and MERS. And our new Global Infrastructure Facility will partner with the private sector to finance infrastructure.
All of us know that the private sector has an important role in development – it creates the jobs that build prosperity. Today, Africa, more than ever, it is open for business, but countries must continue to reduce transaction costs. Now, it takes an average of 37 days to import and 31 days to export goods in Sub Saharan Africa, compared to less than 20 days to import and export in North Africa, Latin America and South East Asia. The difference is even greater for landlocked countries, where the averages are 50 days to import and 40 days to export.