BAMYAN CITY, Bamyan Province –The noise of the tractor breaks the morning silence in Mullah Ghulam village as farmers harvest wheat at the research farm. There is a sense of satisfaction among the farmers as they finish the task, harvesting the product of their year’s hard work.
The Mullah Ghulam Research Farm, owned by the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), produces breeder seeds for subsequent multiplication to foundation seeds. The farm is one of 10 research farms of the Agricultural Research Institute of Afghanistan (ARIA) that produces breeder seeds from nucleus seeds produced by the institute.
Qurban Omid, director of wheat research in Mullah Ghulam Research Farm, says: “This year we will introduce three types of breeder seeds, including Darulaman-07, Bamyan-013, and Solh, to the Improved Seed Enterprise for mass production.”
ARIA farms, such as Mullah Ghulam, sell the breeder seeds to the Improved Seed Enterprise (ISE) for further multiplication to foundation seeds. In turn, the ISE uses the foundation seeds to produce certified seeds, known as ‘improved’ seeds, for sale or distribution to Private Seed Enterprises (PSEs) and local farmers.
Mullah Ghulam Research Farm, located in the capital city of Bamyan Province, occupies an area of some 134,000 square meters. It is one of the research farms in central Afghanistan that is being supported by the Afghanistan Agriculture Inputs Project (AAIP), implemented by MAIL with funding support from the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF).
AAIP aims to increase adoption of improved crop production technologies across the country. Among its many activities are actions to strengthen ongoing research and seed production activities, which are resulting in the improvement of sustainable and quality seed production, and release of new high-yielding and resistant wheat varieties.