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FEATURE STORY

Parliamentarians in the Field - Visit to Peru

April 8, 2015

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The “Parliamentarians in the Field” programme is one of the Parliamentary Network’s flagship events and is jointly organized with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. It was the first time that a PN Field Visit took place in a “Middle Income” Country, offering ample opportunity to discuss the achievements, challenges and lessons learned in Peru. During March 1-4 2015, the visit focused on a variety of development topics such as Peru’s macroeconomic success, development and social inclusion, good governance, and private sector partnerships with IFIs. The 2015 Field Visit Delegation represented 16 Members of Parliament coming from Argentina, Belgium, Cameroon, Haiti, Kenya, Lithuania, Portugal, Senegal, Spain, Timor Leste and Turkey.

I go back to my country as a different MP and Representative of Kenya after this programme.” – Patrick Mariru (MP, Kenya)

Senior Officials from the World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund introduced Peru within the context of regional and international economic development. Peru represents success in many ways, as a country which has decreased its poverty rate, bolstered its middle class, and touted the lowest inflation rate of the LAC region during the past decade. Further, both the Government and Parliament are steadfast in a ‘results-based approach’, yielding projects that have shown substantive impact while maintaining budgets that allow the necessary fiscal space to operate under a variety of economic circumstances.

With the meaningful financing from the WBG and precautionary IMF arrangements, a framework for conducting policy has resulted in a robust and sustainable economy in the last decade. The government since 1991 has only borrowed from the IMF twice, and all credit has been paid since 2007. Today, only technical assistance and surveillance are done by the IMF in Peru, a sign of Peru’s fiscal achievement. The country now has a surplus of 0.2% GDP, high international reserves and preferential trade access in nearly 75% of countries in the world. Challenges were also measured by speakers and participants, such as further development of the securities market (only 2.9% of GDP currently), diversifying the currency for financing, a slowdown of growth in Peru in FY2014, and creating a broader tax base to pay for public projects (60%-70% of the Peruvian economy is informal).

Visiting a middle-income country during the Field Visit programme was highly interesting; the challenges faced are very different, but one can get the feeling that the investments and projects are both useful and sustainable.” – Alain Destexhe (MP, Belgium)

The delegation learned about programmes addressing childhood development and day-care, extreme poverty recognition, and providing quality, nutritious and various food groups to young children. Issues of good governance and society in Peru were also addressed throughout the Field Visit. Upon meeting with Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), the MPs heard a variety of opinions from those analyzing trends within the country. As one participant stated, “People could say that Peru is a miracle, or you could say that the glass is half-empty.” Participants discussed access to information, political participation, the informal economy, corruption, and transparency at the local, regional, and national level.

Africa is immensely rich, yet the people are very poor. What is happening in Peru that is not happening in Africa?” – Mansour Sy (MP, Senegal)

Field Visits

The Delegation visited a wide variety of projects which were financed by the World Bank Group and its private sector arm, the International Finance Corporation (IFC). The Delegation visited SEDAPAL, which is currently managing projects to rehabilitate outdated piping systems in Lima and El Callao. The water supply in each community has remained uninterrupted during the 92 kilometer replacement project, and entire neighbourhoods can be completed within 4-5 days. The Parliamentarians also saw Metropolitano, a revolutionary mass transit system for Lima which has transformed the public transport system in Lima. The system serves approximately 600,000 passengers during peak hours. The bus system opens opportunities for employment and mobility throughout the city.

What did local communities receive from the extraction project?” – Jocelerme Privert (MP, Haiti)


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The Delegation visiting LNG Peru, the first and only natural gas liquefying plant in South America.


" With these field visits, we experience in a positive fashion the results of activities from World Bank and IMF projects, giving us as MPs the capabilities to make such programmes even better. "

Yusuf Ziya İrbeç

MP, Turkey


MPs visited a private university initially funded by the IFC, bringing sizeable and measurable life improvements to Peruvians: 90% of students find jobs in their field of studies with salaries 50% higher than those who will enter the job market during the same period. The Delegation focused on the challenges of higher education in Peru and bringing the successes of UPC to other parts of Peru.

The final visit took place at LNG Peru, the leader in natural gas liquefying for South America. The Delegation raised issues of royalties from extraction revenues and energy sources for local communities. Afterwards, the Delegation had a great opportunity to discuss with CSOs and relevant stakeholders in Peru regarding the same topics from another viewpoint. It yielded a provocative conversation, allowing the global Delegation to see many perspectives and gain a comprehensive understanding for their domestic development initiatives.

The Field Visit to Peru was diverse in outlook and rich in knowledge-sharing, helping MPs to further understand both the successes and challenges in Peru and to bring such lessons to their respective parliaments.


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