Micro-Hydro Power Plant Lights the Way for Future

January 7, 2014


The micro-hydro power generates electricity for the village from canal water, allowing the residents the opportunity to use things such as mobile phone chargers, washing machines and light globes.

Graham Crouch/World Bank

  • A micro-hydro power plant has eased the life of villagers in Nangarhar province, enabling children to study at night and families to use computers and cell phones.
  • The power plant was made possible by the National Solidarity Program, which provides basic infrastructure and services to rural Afghanistan. It is implemented by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development with support by the World Bank and ARTF.
  • Some 3,200 projects involving small-scale construction have already been completed in the province under NSP.

BANDA MIRALAMJI VILLAGE, Nangarhar Province - In a small mud and brick tower straddling a fast-flowing stream, Khair Gul stands guard over a treasured resource. Seldom straying from a straw pallet on the tower’s second floor, Gul’s duty is to ensure that a small turbine continues to churn the water below him, generating enough electricity for the 150 families in the community of Banda Miralamji, in eastern Afghanistan’s Nangarhar province.

The tiny hydropower plant is the pride of his village, he says. “This place is very valuable to us, so my job is also important,” says Gul, 41, with obvious satisfaction. “My friends and families get their electricity from this place, and they depend on me, so their children can study under lights or use their computers; women can charge their phones or wash clothes. So many things.”

Often from dawn to dusk, even around the clock, he keeps a close eye on the panel of switches, dials and breakers near his bed, while his 13-year-old son, Esmatullah, runs for food, water, or occasionally gets to flip a switch. “We all worked hard to have this project and now it must never stop,” says Gul.

The micro-hydropower project was made possible by the National Solidarity Program (NSP), which provides basic infrastructure and services to rural Afghanistan. NSP is implemented by Afghanistan’s Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development with support by the World Bank, the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF) and the Japanese Social Development Fund (JSDF).  

NSP helps villagers elect representatives for local Community Development Councils (CDCs), much like traditional Afghan shuras. An estimated 22,500 CDCs represent over 35,000 villages under the NSP. Once established, CDCs draw up a priority list and can apply for funding for construction projects needed in their area, such as pathways, small bridges, partition walls, wells, or canals.

There are almost 1,800 CDCs now established in Nangarhar and with 3,200 projects of various kinds completed, while over 1,000 are still ongoing, says Mir Zaman, engineer and acting manager of NSP Nangarhar. “There are so many projects villagers can choose from, but often their first priority is power. Everyone needs that,” explains Zaman. “Otherwise, people in rural areas have to buy kerosene, gas cylinders and lanterns, and this is very costly for them. So, these hydro systems are a big saving.”

" Before we had to spend so much money on fuel, but now everybody has electricity and much more is possible. This project is lighting the way for my children’s future. "

Sayed Qahar

Farmer, Banda Miralamji village


Banda Miralamji village Community Development Council (CDC) chairman showing the Micro Hydro power facilities.

Graham Crouch/World Bank

Rebuilding lives

In Banda Miralamji village, under the supervision of local engineers, villagers helped construct the small power plant in 2009 by digging a narrow channel to divert water from a nearby irrigation canal. They built the two-room tower from local materials, and installed the generator and electricity turbine.

After a series of inspections, villagers were finally able to turn on their lights in 2010, says CDC head Saied Rafiq, 52. “It is clear to everyone that Afghanistan is a country that has suffered a lot from so many wars,” says Rafiq, staring at toppled walls in a nearby field. “Like many, I was born here but fled to refugee camps in Pakistan until (Afghan) President Karzai came to power. But when we came back, there was nothing left. It was all destroyed. Now with projects like this, we can build our lives again, and are so very grateful.”

Local farmer Sayed Qahar, 42, says with power his children have managed to study late at night. “Before we had to spend so much money on fuel, but now everybody has electricity and much more is possible,” he points out. “Even my wife is happy because she can wake up late at night to feed the baby without worrying, especially about burns or fumes from kerosene.” The father of seven says all his children go to school and have plans for university, too. “This project is lighting the way for my children’s future.”

Meanwhile, the tower guard’s son, Esmatullah, says he wants to be like his dad.

“I love my father’s job and want to be as important as he is,” says the boy. “This kind of work is so good for everyone.”