Myanmar: Gender Equality and Development

September 19, 2013


Women selling vegetables in a market in Pyapon, Myanmar. 

World Bank

Myanmar is at a critical juncture for harnessing the forces of economic growth in a way that ensures that everyone can benefit. To achieve these goals, it’s necessary for Myanmar to place gender equality and women’s empowerment at the center of national development plans.  

Gender equality makes for smart economics---it can enhance productivity, improve development goals for the next generation, and make institutions more representative. The World Bank is committed to working closely with the Government of Myanmar to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment

Current trends

  • The Ministry of Social Welfare and Relief and Resettlement is leading reforms to enhance gender equality and empowerment. It is cooperating with other government agencies, civil society, academia, and the international community.  
  •  Myanmar’s National Strategic Plan for the Advancement of Women covers key areas of the Beijing Platform for Action, which is the United Nations agenda for women’s empowerment.
  • Myanmar’s Education for All National Action Plan ensures that all children have access to basic education of a good quality by 2015.
  • Myanmar’s National Reproductive Health Strategic Plan of 2009-2013 sets out to achieve the Millennium Development Goal 2015 target of reducing maternal and infant mortality rates.
  • Current challenges in Myanmar include high maternal mortality rates and unequal pay for women for similar work with men. With fewer women elected to office, women have a weaker voice and influence than men in politics. 
  • With increasing development, Myanmar needs to prepare now for new challenges that will have an impact on gender equality:  economic integration, domestic and international migration, rapid urbanization, new information and communication technology, and population aging.