Mexican youth represent a little more than 38% of the homicide victims in the country in the last decade, according to the report “Youth violence in Mexico” (sp), published in June 2012 by the World Bank.
The youth homicide rate tripled in only two years, from 2008 to 2010, when it reached 25.5 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.
According to studies quoted in the World Bank analysis, one of the main causes for the violence increase has been the disputes between criminal organizations dedicated to drug trafficking.
Youth homicides have concentrated in the north of the country, according to the study. In 2010, more than half occurred in five states: Chihuahua, Sinaloa, the State of Mexico, Baja California and Guerrero. Moreover, the use of firearms in youth homicides almost tripled from 2007 and 2010.
The direct and indirect economic costs of insecurity and violence in the country – among other things the health costs, or the cost of having more people in prisons – are estimated in billions of dollars, according to research quoted in the report.