This report, “Female Labor Force Participation in Turkey: Trends, Determinants and Policy Framework” was carried out by Turkey’s State Planning Organization and the World Bank. It investigates why, on average, fewer women in Turkey hold or are looking for jobs than in the EU and the OECD, and why the proportion has been decreasing.
The reason why the share of women holding or seeking employment in Turkey has been decreasing over the past two decades is partly because women migrated from rural areas—where they engage in unpaid agriculture—to urban areas where most of them stay at home. Young men in rural areas are moving from agricultural employment into better-paid jobs in manufacturing and services. This shift away from subsistence agriculture causes a withdrawal of women from the labor force.