The devastating impacts of COVID-19 have underscored a lack of preparedness by governments. It is also clear that COVID is unlikely to be the last crises that countries will face, with increasingly frequent extreme weather events, elevated financial vulnerabilities and rising levels of conflict in some countries. Investing in preparedness rather than waiting for the next crises to hit can help to prevent human and economic losses. The final Future of Government Disruptive Debate discussed how governments can prepare for future crises. The panel addressed questions like: What lessons are there from past crises to help guide future preparedness efforts? How can governments increase their resilience and improve their responses to crises? How can governments ensure that preparedness efforts are inclusive, and no one is left behind?