DECRG Kuala Lumpur Seminar Series: Trade Frauds, Trade Elasticities and Non-Tariff Measures
June 30, 2016DECRG Kuala Lumpur Seminar Series

This paper studies the role of burdensome non-tariff measures (NTM) in inducing large trade frauds and affecting trade flows. We develop a methodology to estimate bilateral ad valorem equivalent (AVE) of NTMs at detailed product level for a wide range of importing and exporting countries. Results show that tariff and NTMs are substitutes which highlight the importance of including AVEs when estimating trade elasticities. In addition, exporters or products that have higher AVEs tend to have larger trade discrepancies, suggesting firms mis-declare product codes or country of origin to circumvent the cumbersome and opaque NTM.

  • Hiau Looi Kee is a Senior Economist with the Trade Team of the World Bank Research Department. Her research focuses on trade, productivity and growth at the firm and aggregate level. Her current projects include studying the domestic value added in exports, shared-supplier spillovers of FDI, rules of origins and firm productivity in Bangladesh's garment sector and a large scale estimations of import demand elasticities, ad valorem equivalent of non-tariff measures and trade restrictiveness indexes. Her work has been published in many general interests economics journals and the top field journals. She has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of California at Davis.
  • The DECRG Kuala Lumpur Seminar Series is hosted by the World Bank's Development Research Group (DECRG) based in the World Bank Malaysia office. The series invites leading researchers in development economics and public policy to present their recent work in an academic-style seminar format.
  • WHEN: Thursday, 30 June 2016; 4:00 pm - 5:30 pm
  • WHERE: World Bank Malaysia Office, Level 3, Sasana Kijang, No. 2, Jalan Dato’ Onn
  • RSVP: Kindly RSVP to Ms. Stella Ambrose ( and provide your name, Malaysian I/C no. or passport no., and affiliation by Wednesday 29th June 2016.