Turkey now hosts the largest refugee population in the world. The Government of Turkey (GoT) estimates the total number of registered Syrians under Temporary Protection (SuTPs) at 2,225,147 according to a new Policy Note prepared by the World Bank, Turkey’s Response to the Syrian Refugee Crisis and the Road Ahead. The policy note collates existing publically available material on the situation of SuTPs in Turkey and summarizes not only the strategy and principles of Turkey’s unique response to its displacement crisis; but also the challenges in managing the socioeconomic dimensions of displacement. The Note also highlights remaining critical policy issues and the road ahead for Turkey and what lessons could be drawn from the Turkish hosting experience for other countries’ refugee response efforts.
According to the policy note, there are two key characteristics of the Turkish response effort--1) that it adopts a non-camp; and 2) government financed approach—which strongly differentiates the response from many refugees hosting countries, where the tendency is to direct the refugees into camps supported by humanitarian agencies.
The note sheds light on the most common issues faced by both displaced and host communities in a development oriented response effort, including income, welfare and employment; pressures on housing and services including education health; and social tensions and community relations.