Number of Active Projects
Net IBRD Commitments
Trust Fund Portfolio
The partnership between Turkey and the World Bank Group (WBG) is outlined in the Country Partnership Framework (CPF), which covers FY18–21 and sets out the main areas of WBG engagement, both technically and financially. The CPF has an embedded flexibility in the framework that allows the program to be adapted and to respond to evolving country circumstances and development priorities.
The CPF proposes a mix of instruments, drawing on the strengths of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Finance Corporation (IFC), and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA).
The WBG investment portfolio and pipeline support a range of sectors, with programs both underway and planned in the energy sector, financial and private sector development, urban development, transport, social protection, labor market development, and health care. IBRD financing for FY18–21 is estimated at US$4–$6 billion, while IFC’s own-account investment program is expected to be US$600–$800 million annually.
Turkey engages the WBG’s analytical and technical knowledge work. An extensive range of knowledge products aim to inform policy discussions in various areas (education, labor, finance, competitiveness, transport, forestry, land, and energy) and are the Bank’s primary instruments for broadening engagement with all stakeholders in Turkey.
Recently, the increased Trust Fund portfolio enabled the preparation of broader support programs in refugee response, education, labor market development, energy, disaster risk management, and urban development.
The implementation of the current CPF is progressing well thus far. In FY18, IBRD approved US$1.49 billion in new lending to Turkey, including the Resilience, Inclusion and Growth Development Policy Finance, US$400 million; a second Sustainable Cities Project, US$91 million; a Gas Storage Expansion Project, US$600 million; and an Inclusive Access to Finance Project, US$400 million. So far in FY19, IBRD has approved US$252 million for an Irrigation Modernization Project.
One key engagement involves supporting the Government’s response to the 3.6 million Syrian refugees living in Turkey. The WBG is partnering with the EU’s Facility for Refugees in Turkey (FRiT) and implementing programs in the areas of social support and adaptation, labor markets and the economy, and education, as well as in the cross- cutting areas of data collection, measurement, and monitoring.
In addition to the FRiT funds, the portfolio is also supported by a broad set of Trust Funds, most notably, the Clean Technology Fund (CTF), EU Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) funds, Global Environmental Facility (GEF) funds, and Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) Gender Funds.
In FY18, Turkey signed a Reimbursable Advisory Services (RAS) agreement with the World Bank with the objective of helping the Government of Turkey to improve selected aspects of the business environment.
On September 20, 2018, the Government launched its New Economic Program (NEP) to respond to the evolving economic challenges. The WBG is using the flexibility allowed by the CPF to adapt the program appropriately to support the priorities of the NEP.
At the same time, the WBG program continues to maintain a long-term focus that maximizes opportunities to support Turkey’s progression to higher-income status.
Last Updated: Apr 10, 2019