Since 1999, the World Bank has assisted the government of Timor-Leste to rebuild national infrastructure, stabilize the economy, and strengthen government institutions. Some of the achievements from the Bank’s continued support include:
Emergency Support to Boost the COVID-19 Response: The Timor-Leste COVID-19 Emergency Support Project improved the government’s surveillance capacity by training health personnel, strengthening supervision, and facilitating the equitable distribution of essential supplies and commodities to health facilities. It has purchased 11 ambulances to provide safe transportation of COVID-19 cases and other patients in need in underserved areas of the country.
Climate-resilient infrastructure: Poor road conditions mean that for many people in Timor-Leste, travel by road can be time consuming, uncomfortable, unsafe, and expensive. Without reliable access to roads, people cannot reach schools, hospitals, or markets when they need to.
The World Bank’s Timor-Leste Road Climate Resilience Project restored a vital 110 kilometers of road corridor, improving access from the North to the South of the island, and connecting the districts of Dili, Aileu, and Ainaro, which jointly account for a third of the country’s population.
To date, 80% of the road is complete, providing a transport corridor road more resilient to weather events and landslides. Work is underway on the final section of the road, with local farmers and coffee growers benefiting from better access to markets. Disaster risk management: Through the Community-Based Disaster Risk Management Project, the World Bank helped , one of Timor-Leste’s most vital road corridors, reduce the impacts of disasters – in particular recurring landslides and consequent road closures.
This project trained community members from 26 villages in disaster risk management and helping them prepare comprehensive village-level disaster management plans – supported by small–scale construction and agriculture projects for disaster risk reduction.
Nutrition: Working with local partners, the World Bank has completed the implementation of the four-year Community Driven Nutrition Improvement Program in Baucau and Viqueque. The program has improved nutrition practices for households with children in over 300 villages. Overall, 5,000 mothers and their children have benefited from the program.
Education: Thousands of young people in Timor-Leste miss out on completing their education due to conflict. Through the World Bank-funded Second-Chance Education Project, more than 1,600 youth have now completed recognized school equivalency programs.
In addition, to empower communities and support their learning needs, the project supported the creation of nine community learning centers in eight districts across Timor-Leste. The World Bank has also helped the government develop materials for teacher training on early childhood development and in conducting early grade reading assessments, a key tool for designing an appropriate curriculum for Timor-Leste.
Tackling poverty: The World Bank assisted Timor-Leste’s Directorate General Statistics to design and implement the 2014 Timor-Leste Living Standard Survey. The Gender-Sensitive Insight of Poverty Mapping for Timor-Leste is a new set of poverty statistics that will enable governments, civil society, and development partners to pinpoint areas where development outcomes are lagging.
Telecommunications: The World Bank has strengthened the institutional and technical capacity of the Information Communications & Telecommunications (ICT) Unit in the Prime Minister’s Office. Through this support, the government of Timor-Leste has established a policy that addresses all aspects of ICT in Timor-Leste society, including telecommunications, broadcasting and convergent services, and their appropriate regulation.
Agriculture: The World Bank’s Sustainable Agriculture Productivity Improvement Project aims to increase the productivity and marketed production of smallholder agriculture in selected geographical locations in Timor-Leste.
Through this support, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries is assisting at least 16,500 rural households in four watersheds, reaching approximately 85,000 direct beneficiaries. The project will also indirectly benefit a larger number of households, by supporting watershed-wide and community-level agricultural development planning.
Economic analysis: The Timor-Leste Economic Report is a six-monthly publication that highlights the latest economic trends and emerging policy challenges in the country. The report draws on ongoing economic monitoring and analysis undertaken by the World Bank with a view to support evidence-based policymaking.
Last Updated: April 2022