Since 1999, the World Bank has assisted the government of Timor-Leste to rebuild national infrastructure, stabilize the economy and strengthen government institutions. Some of the achievements from the Bank’s continued support include:
Climate resilient infrastructure: Poor road conditions mean that for many people in Timor-Leste, travel by road can be time consuming, uncomfortable, unsafe and expensive. Without reliable access to roads, people cannot reach schools, hospitals or markets when they need to.
The World Bank’s Dili to Ainaro Road rehabilitation project is currently restoring a vital 110 kilometers of road corridor, improving access from the North to the South of the island and connecting the districts of Dili, Aileu and Ainaro, which jointly account for a third of the country’s population.
80% of the road is now complete, providing a transport corridor road more resilient to weather events and landslides. Work has now commenced on the final section of the road, with local farmers and coffee growers benefiting from better access to markets.
Disaster risk management: The World Bank is helping communities along the Dili-Ainaro Road, one of Timor-Leste’s most vital road corridors, reduce the impacts of natural disasters – in particular recurring landslides and consequent road closures – through the Community-Based Disaster Risk Management Project.
This project is training community members from 26 villages in disaster risk management, with comprehensive village-level disaster management plans being prepared, supported by small–scale construction and agriculture projects that aim to reduce disaster risks.
Nutrition: Working with local partners, the World Bank has completed the implementation of the four-year Community Driven Nutrition Improvement Program in Baucau and Viqueque. The Program has improved nutrition practices for households with children in over 300 villages. Overall 4,500 children and 5,000 mothers have benefited from the program.
Education: With thousands of young people missing out on completing their education due to Timor-Leste’s long and violent conflict, through the World Bank-funded Second-Chance Education Project, more than 1,600 young people have now completed recognized school equivalency programs.
In addition, to empower communities and support their learning needs, the project also supported the creation of nine community learning centers in eight districts across Timor-Leste. The World Bank has also supported the government to develop materials for teacher training for early childhood development and in conducting early grade reading assessments, a key tool for designing an appropriate curriculum for Timor-Leste.
Tackling poverty: The World Bank assisted Timor-Leste’s Directorate General Statistics to design and implement the 2014 Timor-Leste Living Standard Survey. The Gender-Sensitive Insight of Poverty Mapping for Timor-Leste is a new set of poverty statistics that will enable governments, civil society and development partners to pinpoint areas where development outcomes are lagging.
Telecommunications: The World Bank has strengthened the institutional and technical capacity of the Information Communications & Telecommunications (ICT) Unit in the Prime Minister’s Office. Through this support, the government of Timor-Leste has established an ICT policy that addresses all aspects of ICT in Timor-Leste society, including telecommunications, broadcasting and convergent services and their appropriate regulation.
Agriculture: The World Bank is supporting the government with the Sustainable Agriculture Productivity Improvement Project to increase the productivity and marketed production of smallholder agriculture in selected geographical locations in Timor-Leste.
Through this support the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries will directly assist at least 16,500 rural farm households in four watersheds, reaching approximately 85,000 direct beneficiaries. The project will also indirectly benefit a larger number of households, by supporting watershed and community-level agricultural development planning that will benefit all households in a watershed.
Economic monitoring: The Timor-Leste economic report is a six-monthly publication that highlights recent economic trends and emerging policy challenges in the country. The reports draw on ongoing economic monitoring and analysis undertaken by the World Bank team with a view to supporting evidence-based policy making.
Last Updated: Sep 25, 2019