GDP, current US$ billion
GDP per capita, current US$
Life Expectancy at Birth, years
Over the past decade, Tajikistan has made steady progress reducing poverty and growing its economy. Between 2000 and 2021, the poverty rate, measured by national poverty line, fell from 83% of the population to an estimated 26.5% while the economy grew at an average rate of 7% per year. However, the rate of job creation has not kept pace with the growing population, leaving the economy vulnerable to external shocks, while the role of the private sector in the economy remained limited. Non-monetary poverty indicators in rural areas remained high, with only 36% of the population in rural regions having access to safe drinking water.
The social and economic wellbeing of the population severely deteriorated following the outbreak of COVID-19. The economy has been experiencing a fast recovery in 2021, however, the labor market remained weak and food insecurity more prevalent compared to pre-pandemic levels. In addition, in 2022, the economy faced a new set of challenges due to the war in Ukraine.
Tajikistan’s high vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters represents an additional challenge to successful economic management. Between 1992 and 2016, natural and climate-related disasters caused GDP losses of around US$ 1.8 billion, affecting almost 7 million people.
The National Development Strategy (NDS) to 2030 sets a target of increasing domestic incomes by up to 3.5 times by 2030 and reducing poverty by half. This target is achievable if Tajikistan transforms its current growth model and gives the private sector more opportunities to invest, create jobs and contribute to innovation and growth.