|GDP, current US$ billion||49.9|
|GDP per capita, current US$||7,134|
|School Enrollment, primary (% gross, 2016)||100.6|
|Life Expectancy at Birth, years (2016)||75.2|
The global financial crisis exposed the structural weaknesses in Serbia’s economic growth model and prompted the need for fiscal consolidation and an acceleration of the unfinished transition to a market economy. Serbia’s rapid growth in 2001–08 was driven mainly by domestic consumption and led to significant internal and external imbalances that proved to be unsustainable.
The Government that formed after the April 2016 elections stepped up the implementation of structural reforms, broadening the focus to include social sector transformation. Although the results of the spring 2017 presidential election led to a change in prime minister (as the incumbent became Serbia’s new president), the Government experienced only minor changes, enabling it to maintain an emphasis on reforming state administration, public finances, and the economy, along with pursuing the European Union (EU) accession process. The ruling party’s comfortable win in Belgrade’s local elections in March 2018 has maintained a continuity in the strategic and policy framework. In the past five months, however, demonstrations against the Government in over 100 cities and towns have shaken the unquestioned political dominance of the ruling coalition.
The Government’s economic reform program focuses on ensuring economic and financial stability, halting further debt accumulation, and creating an environment for economic recovery and growth to foster employment and raise living standards. However, recent indications suggest that the Government is currently wavering on reforms.
Last Updated: Apr 12, 2019