December 01, 2014: The World Bank’s Transition Economics Update, in advance of the London Conference on Afghanistan, touches upon four areas:
(i) Afghanistan’s development progress and challenges;
(ii) key messages from Tokyo and our 2012 Transition Economics Report;
(iii) recent economic and fiscal developments; and
(iv) the priority agenda going forward.
Afghanistan has achieved significant economic and social progress over the last decade from a very low base. At the same time, it faces formidable development challenges.
At Tokyo in 2012, the World Bank recognized that the transformation of the Afghan economy will take a decade or more. While aid will decline as a share of GDP, a persistent financing gap will remain through 2025 given considerable needs for security, operations and maintenance (O&M), and improving low levels of development.
In this context, the priority agenda will require (i) restoring fiscal stability; (ii) restoring confidence and creating private sector jobs; (iii) strengthening social cohesion and service delivery; and (iv) fighting corruption and strengthening governance.