Global Procurement Partnership Multi-Donor Trust Fund

The Global Procurement Partnership Multi-Donor Trust Fund (GPP MDTF) is a seven-year program that aims to support innovative activities for procurement reforms at the global and country level. The GPP MDTF provides the World Bank and its partners the space to initiate conversations on the key role that public procurement has in spurring better development outcomes for a country. The GPP MDTF promotes a global dialogue on the value of well-functioning procurement systems by supporting enhanced donor coordination, responsible innovation, and evidence-based research.

How the program emerged: Tackling a global challenge

a globe and several hands holding money and a bulb
All over the world, countries face similar public procurement challenges. There is a perceived unevenness in the quality of public procurement systems, and moreover, an absence of global consensus on standards for the public procurement profession. Various diagnostic and technical tools and approaches for reform have existed at different levels of use, acceptance, and implementation – though not all stakeholders have access to these methodologies, especially in low-income and fragile or conflict settings. Moreover, different socio-political situations and regulations often make it difficult to have a common roadmap for reforms of countries’ procurement systems. The GPP MDTF intends to develop mutual reliance among partners to cultivate synergies among existing and planned initiatives to maximize development impact of procurement reforms.

How we work

Graphic with elements of procurement process
The GPP MDTF has three windows for funding that include a total of 44 projects in more than 30 countries. Window embraces the development of global public goods – tools that can be adapted broadly and create standards that meet the needs of a wide range of countries. Window 2 supports the improvement of procurement systems by identifying challenges and indicating recommendations for reform actions through detailed diagnostics. Window 3 promotes systematic and evidence-based research on the impact of effective reform approaches.

The three windows were designed to show a strong distribution of support to some of the poorest countries and fragile and conflict-affected states in a variety of areas that range from professionalization to citizen engagement. The overall objective of the program is to influence policy debates and decisions on the efficient use of public resources that will improve people’s lives through better service delivery.

Last Updated: Jun 15, 2022


Public procurement is a critical strategic tool to support poverty reduction and sustainable development. Innovative activities and effective procurement reform initiatives that have a positive impact on the way governments use public resources to deliver goods, services, and works, should be widely promoted. By sharing great examples, policymakers can learn how to improve public procurement frameworks. Lessons and results from the procurement reforms, global tools, and evidence-based research under the Global Procurement Partnership Multi-Donor Trust Fund (GPP MDTF) are already emerging and are leading important global discussions.

Window 1 | Window 2 | Window 3 | Results Framework

GPP MDTF Window 1: Global Public Goods
Global Public Goods

Under Window 1, several global public goods and tools are being developed to support the reform of legal and regulatory instruments and enhance the modernization of public procurement systems through greater use of disruptive technology.

The Open Contracting Data Toolkit concluded with the development of a primer and a report that outlines how to best identify suitable and well-documented open-source tools for procurement transparency. These tools, co-developed in close collaboration with the Open Contracting Partnership, have a demonstrated impact and are designed to facilitate adaptation and reuse by other interested stakeholders around the world.
Tool re-use in open contracting: A Primer | Evaluation Matrix | Guidance for tool authors and support providers | Key findings and research methodology (.pdf version)

The Global Public Procurement Database (GPPD) captures data on country procurement and e-Government Procurement (e-GP) systems at a global level. The aim of the GPPD is to promote procurement reform and innovation through improved transparency and knowledge-sharing, by providing a one-stop publicly available online database of global public procurement information. Link to database | Blog | Press Release | Feature Story | Launch Event

The MAPS Global Tool Revision and Delivery Project has promoted MAPS sustainability and capacity building to date. MAPS is an instrument that allows a country, regardless of its income or development level, to assess the functionality of their public procurement system. The objective of MAPS is to support countries in their efforts to implement modern, efficient, sustainable, and more inclusive public procurement systems, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals. The World Bank has been conducting face-to-face training on MAPS and is leading the development of online training modules to ensure high-quality support to its clients.

The Administrative Remedies Against Corruption project, which aimed to create a global transparency tool with global access to lists of sanctioned firms imposed by national or international authorities for corrupt behavior, is completed and contributed to a new project on using Artificial Intelligence to identify procurement risks. The Global Procurement Anticorruption and Transparency Tool (ProACT) enables enhanced management of procurement risks and mitigation of the corrosive effects of corruption using innovative big data analytics. The prototype has been completed and publicly launched. ProACT website | Blog

The Performance-Based Contracting initiative aims to support value for money procurement approaches in Investment Project Financing (IPF) operations through piloting performance-based contracting in relevant sectors. A pilot project is ongoing in Ghana under the Ghana Greater Accra Resilient and Integrated Development Project in collaboration with the Dutch government.

The Framework Agreements grant developed research on the use of Framework Agreements to strengthen value for money of public expenditure and service delivery performance in client countries. A guidebook on setting up and operating Framework Agreements has been created, and impact assessments provide important global findings. Guidebook for Setting-up and Operating Framework Agreements (.pdf version) | Blog

The GPP Body grant aims to establish a global platform to promote the strategic use of public procurement as a critical economic planning and development tool. A stock-taking report on the state of public procurement has been completed and will be published, and consultations with stakeholders are being organized. The launch of the GPP Platform will occur by the end of 2021.

The newly approved Professionalization of Public Procurement in West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) States project will seek to create a global methodology for designing professionalization standards, based off of a pilot experience in the fragile state of Guinea Bissau.

Another recently approved project, Citizen Engagement in Procurement for Better Service Delivery in Mali, Philippines, and Indonesia aims to generate globally applicable best practices on citizen engagement informed by pilots in the three countries.

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GPP MDTF Window 2: reform and capacity building program - graphic
Country-based Reform and Capacity Building Program

Window 2
comprises a significant part of the GPP MDTF portfolio and has two sub-windows (2.1. and 2.2). While in Window 1 MAPS refers to the development of the MAPS tool, its supplementary modules, and face-to-face training activities, Window 2 funds the implementation of MAPS assessments in a diverse range of client countries.

Under Window 2.1, 15 country procurement systems assessments are being conducted. These MAPS highlight where reforms are most needed and indicate how they can best be implemented. Assessments were concluded for Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Gabon, India, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Moldova, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tunisia, and Zambia. Only the assessment in Chad is ongoing and is expected to be delivered in 2021. Early examples of the most desirable achievements are emerging. For instance, in Bangladesh, the government has already taken the initiative to implement several key recommendations from the MAPS assessment report.

Window 2.2 supports three types of activities: Type 1 supports the development of action plans for fragile and conflict-affected states and low-income countries; Type 2 supports the creation of detailed roadmaps for specific MAPS recommendations; and Type 3 funds the implementation of action plan reforms. There are currently eight active grants under Window 2.2. There are four Type 1 Action Plan grants: Ethiopia, Lebanon, Moldova, and Timor-Leste. One country, Djibouti, received funding for Type 2 Roadmaps, to focus on amending legal and regulatory instruments. Three countries received Type 3 Reform Actions funding: Burkina Faso to modernize public procurement, Malawi to boost private sector participation, and Rwanda to improve operational performance. Another round of Window 2.2 grants is expected to be launched in 2021.

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knowledge-sharing and impact evaluation graphic
 Knowledge-Sharing and Impact Evaluation

The mandate of Window 3 is to generate high-value evidence on effective procurement reform approaches through the funding of systematic research and learning activities. Initial findings from Window 3 projects show that relevant research can generate important knowledge on procurement approaches.

The concluded Brazilian Ministry of Planning Price Panel activity results show that the price panel system drove down estimated and actual awarded prices. The report was structured in a way that allows other governments to replicate the system. 

The Engineering, Procurement, and Construction Contracts (EPC) study analyzed outcomes of traditional admeasurement contracts and EPC contracts through case studies in China, India, Pakistan, Kenya, and the Philippines, and brief studies from a few other countries. The report discussed the advantages of EPC contracts for contractors and employers and looks at the road/highways sector in places with rapid upscale in the use of EPC contracts, such as China and India for evidence on effectiveness. Initial findings have showed that EPC contracts experienced significantly fewer delays in implementation, have performed much better in terms of cost overrun.

Disclosing Ceiling Budgets in China and Vietnam aimed to identify advantages and disadvantages of disclosing the ceiling price in the bidding documents to serve as reference for improving procurement procedures, increasing competition and achieving value for money in the procurement of works. The findings of the study were shared in a public event. Event Flyer | Event Video Recording and Presentation

E-Procurement Performance Measurement in India used tender level micro-data and a stakeholder survey to develop a methodology to evaluate e-procurement performance in the country and explore whether technology assimilation in the procurement procedure improves the process performance. The tool was presented in an international workshop and trainings were given to agencies in India on the tool.

The e-Procurement Impact Evaluation in Bangladesh will conclude in a paper and policy note on the retrospective impact evaluation of the e-GP roll out in Bangladesh. Preliminary results show that e-GP has increased access, efficiency, and economy of public procurement. e-Government Procurement in Bangladesh yielded direct cost savings for the government of 47 billion BDT (0.6 billion USD) during 2011-2018. It is expected that these reports and the Randomized Control Trial on electronic contract management will help influence the government’s future public procurement reform decisions.

Several new projects were launched under Window 3 that will be producing crucial evidence in underserved topics in public procurement. 

The From Image to Accountability grant will provide client governments and World Bank teams a toolkit with hands-on guidance on which public works quality metrics each technology can yield, at which costs, and on how to obtain such data in practice. The grant will also pilot the use of these technologies in the context of three ongoing engagements on public procurement in Bangladesh, Indonesia, and Vietnam.

A Study on e-Procurement Implementation Types will aim to increase the knowledge on e-procurement implementation among African countries by exploring the different types of e-procurement implementation.

Developing a Mechanism for Monitoring Contract Performance will develop a streamlined mechanism for monitoring of contract management systems and practices with the aim of improving project implementation performance in client countries.

Promotion of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises' (SMEs) participation in public procurement will use Gabon and Côte d’Ivoire as focus countries to assess the level of participation of local SMEs (value and transactions), evaluate the relationship between public procurement and the labor market, and understand the constraints for enhanced access.

Improving Access of Women-led SMEs to Government Procurement will evaluate the potential of strategic policies focus on procurement and skills enhancement training to increase the participation of women-owned SMEs in government procurement.

The Implications and Factors Affecting Contract Management study will analyze the factors that affect the performance of contracts and to ascertain the implications of delays on resources and service delivery.

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Results Framework


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Last Updated: Jul 08, 2021

The GPP MDTF aims to build evidence and operational knowledge on public procurement through its funding of projects, knowledge sharing, and learning activities. Different knowledge products were developed to share our work and spark a discussion about public procurement and good governance. Findings and results are also being shared through learning events.

Last Updated: Apr 13, 2021

Round 2 Call for Proposals: Window 2.2

The GPP MDTF is launching the second call for proposals for Window 2.2: Support to Enhancing Country Procurement Systems. The first round took place in June 2020 and concluded with the selection of eight projects (for more information on these projects, check out "results").

Window 2.2. will provide funding to address priorities identified in previously completed MAPS assessments or for the use of MAPS supplementary modules. There are four types of eligible activities in this call:

Type 1 Action Plans

This activity type supports the development of action plans for public procurement reform to generate a list of priority reform actions. Proposals from FCV and low-income countries will be given priority for this Type. 

Type 2 Roadmaps

This activity type supports just-in-time analytical support on formulating detailed roadmaps for a specific category of recommendations. Applications are open to countries with completed action plans, but which require more in-depth development of next steps. 

Type 3 Reform Actions

This activity type supports the implementation of key reform actions based on country action plans, that are developed in response to MAPS recommendations. Applications are open to countries with complete and specific reform action plans with a clear and immediate strategy for implementing reforms. 

Type 4 MAPS Supplementary Module

This activity type supports the piloting or use of a MAPS supplementary module in a country that has already completed the core MAPS module (unless otherwise stated – i.e., the professionalization supplementary module does not require the completion of the MAPS core methodology). Only supplementary modules that are available for piloting or use by the time of application will be eligible for funding.

​There are currently six MAPS supplementary modules and proposals are welcomed for the use of the five available supplementary modules:

  • Sustainable Public Procurement (published)
  • Professionalization (published) – does not require completion of core ​methodology
  • Procuring entities (available for piloting)
  • Public-private partnerships and concessions (available for piloting)
  • Sector markets (available for piloting)
  • E-procurement (forthcoming, not eligible for this call for proposals)

This call for proposals is open to World Bank staff. Proposals will be subject to a rigorous selection process. The GPP MDTF will prioritize applications that demonstrate a catalytic effect in public procurement. Access the call for proposals hereThe closing date to submit a proposal is 6 August 2021 by 5PM EST. Information on the selected projects will be shared on this page.

Last Updated: Jun 28, 2021

Sound public procurement can free up a trillion dollar in savings annually that could be used to sustain green, resilient, and inclusive economies. Governments today spend an estimated $13 trillion on public contracts for goods, services, and public works. At the same time, they lose a quarter of this spending due to inefficiencies. Pressure to improve procurement practices is likely to increase in the coming years as governments grapple with unprecedented levels of debt, decline in tax collection, and increased income inequality.

The World Bank report, "An International Stocktaking of Developments in Public Procurement- Synthesis Report", offers a way forward. It shows how the current hodgepodge of procurement practices with few common rules could be replaced by an efficient global system that better serves the public’s needs. But it will take a broad international coalition—involving governments as well as private businesses—to seize the full potential of public procurement and set the global economy on a more sustainable path. 

The World Bank is proposing the creation of a Global Procurement Partnership (GPP) to promote the strategic use of public procurement as a critical economic planning and development tool. The GPP will collect best practices from around the world to strengthen knowledge sharing and collaboration. It will also establish globally recognized principles or benchmarks.

Consultation meetings on the formation of an international coalition are being planned for the coming months and the establishment of the Global Procurement Partnership (GPP) is expected later this year (2022). As this process moves forward, all updates will be provided at this page. Stay tuned!



The Global Procurement Partnership Multi-Donor Trust Fund (GPP MDTF) is managed and supervised by the World Bank’s Governance Global Practice–Procurement Department and is supported by the European Commission, the French Development Agency, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs.


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