Since the Kyrgyz Republic joined the World Bank in 1992, country assistance has been designed to support the transition to a market economy and provide a base for sustained growth. The World Bank provided significant budget support in the initial years of the Kyrgyz membership to ensure that essential public services would continue to function. In the 2000s, the Bank’s program included projects aimed at improving social services and national infrastructure.
In 2010, the World Bank led the Joint Economic Assessment to identify immediate emergency needs, organized the July 2010 Donors Conference, and tripled the amount of its lending in fiscal 2010-11, in order to respond to the country’s urgent recovery needs.
Since the conference, the Bank has approved $200 million in new projects, of which around $100 million is in grants. The Bank’s future strategy is to support economic and political stability by supporting the government's efforts to fight corruption, strengthen public finances, and improve social conditions.
Assistance to Rural Communities:
- Trading and promotion of Kyrgyz agricultural products have been facilitated domestically and abroad with sales of US$16.3 million between 2006 and 2011.
- 44 agro-processing enterprises have boosted their technological processes, food safety and quality management, and accounting. Nearly 260 farmer cooperatives have been trained in investment lending in agriculture, structured finance, and environmental management.
- 272 community seed funds and 450 water users’ associations have been established, and 122,000 hectares of irrigation schemes were rehabilitated.
- 580 micro-projects have been implemented by pasture committees: 304 bridges have been repaired, 650 km of pasture roads have been reconstructed, and micro-projects have been financed for grass re-seeding and introducing fertilizers.
- 2.7 million people have benefitted from the completion of about 6,000 micro-projects (drinking water, electricity, primary health facilities, construction and rehabilitation of schools).
- More than 64,000 local government officials and community members have been trained in budgeting and planning, and 1500 villages improved social and economic infrastructure.
- Infant and child mortality rates have begun to decrease, TB incidence and mortality have declined, and cardiovascular mortality among working age adults has stabilized.
- Vitamin A supplements have been provided to 120,000 nursing mothers and 450,000 children to reduce the food crisis’s impacts on children’s long-term physical and cognitive development.
- Government share of health expenditure relative to total expenditure has risen from 10.6% in 2006 to over 13% in 2011-2012.
- 'Single payer' system and Mandatory Health Insurance Fund have been introduced.
- Well defined state-guaranteed benefit package that clarified the respective roles of the government and individuals in funding health services has been introduced.