After more than three years of escalating conflict, Yemen continues to face an unprecedented humanitarian, social and economic crisis.
Yemen’s GDP is estimated to have contracted by about 50% since 2014. The agriculture and fishery sectors, which employed more than 54% of the rural workforce have been severely constrained by shortage of agriculture inputs such as feed and other essential commodities. Cases of malnutrition and severe food insecurity have spiked as the fight for control over strategic port facilities has interrupted critical imports (including food, fuel, and international aid). Oil and gas production is operating at about 10% of pre-war capacity and exports have been suspended. This is coupled with the collapse of purchasing power of millions of Yemenis.
The humanitarian situation is grave: over 3 million people have been forced to flee from their homes, of which 2 million remain displaced . About 75% – some 22.2 million people – require humanitarian assistance, more than half of them (11.3 million) require acute assistance, an increase of 1 million since July 2017. Close to a third of Yemen’s 333 districts are sliding into famine, representing an increase of 13% since April 2017.
Nationwide, some 1.8 million children and 1.1 million pregnant or lactating women are acutely malnourished. This number includes 400,000 children under the age of five who are severely malnourished. Some 16 million people lack access to safe water and sanitation, and 18 million lack access to adequate healthcare. Local institutions that provide basic health and nutrition services are struggling to provide services at even the most basic level. Only half of all health facilities are functioning, and even these face severe shortages in medicines, equipment, and staff. At least two million children, nearly 27% of those of school age, are out of school, with more than 1,690 schools currently unfit for use.
Last Updated: Oct 11, 2018