As of January 2015 and following a thorough review of the political and security environment in Yemen, the Bank has suspended all missions to Yemen. All disbursements to projects financed by IDA and Bank managed trust funds have been suspended since March 11, 2015.
However, the Bank has continued coordinating with Yemeni stakeholders and partners to respond to the fast-evolving deteriorating situation. In December 2015, given the critical health needs on the ground, the Bank lifted the suspension on an exceptional basis- and disbursed funds to two health projects, the Schistosomiasis Control Project and the Health and Population Project, to allow for an arrangement with two specialized UN agencies for procurement and distribution of essential drugs, medical supplies and related activities. The two projects are being implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
In July 2016, the World Bank Board approved a Country Engagement Note with Yemen for fiscal years 2017–18 to provide emergency support utilizing local service delivery, support conflicted-affected families and communities and prepare for post-conflict recovery and reconstruction in partnership with the UN.
In addition, a US$50 million Emergency Crisis Response Project was approved to support households and communities hard hit by the ongoing crisis. Building on the positive experience of implementing the Bank’s health portfolio through UNICEF and the WHO, the proposed grant to the UNDP will finance emergency interventions to ease the impact of conflict on the welfare and livelihood of affected households and communities in Yemen with a particular focus on women and youth, and to restore capacity for service delivery.
On January 17, 2017, the World Bank approved two new IDA grants for Yemen totaling US$450 million to provide emergency support for the most vulnerable segment of the population in all of the country’s 22 governorates. These grants will finance two nationwide projects aimed at providing vulnerable women and children with access to critical health and nutrition services, income opportunities for the poorest households, and the essential social services that millions of Yemenis rely on:
• US$250 million grant will expand the ongoing Emergency Crisis Response Project (implemented by UNDP) to provide income opportunities for two million highly impoverished Yemenis, including women, youth and internally displaced people. The grant will further strengthen the Social Fund for Development (SFD) and the Public Works Project (PWP), two key Yemeni institutions that deliver services at the community level, now critical for building up the resilience of Yemenis to cope with the impacts of the ongoing conflict.
• A US$200 million grant will fund the Emergency Health and Nutrition Project (implemented by WHO and UNICEF) which aims to maintain the capacity of the existing health systems, while providing health and nutrition services to an estimated 7 million Yemenis. As a result of the conflict, less than half of Yemeni health facilities are still functional, and increasing pockets of preventable diseases are emerging and malnutrition rates are soaring. The health and nutrition project builds on IDA’s support to the health sector over the past 15 years.
Last Updated: Apr 01, 2017