Overview

  • After more than three years of escalating conflict, Yemen continues to face an unprecedented humanitarian, social and economic crisis.

    About 75% of the population (22.2 million people) requires humanitarian assistance.  An estimated 17.8 million are food insecure -8.4 million people are severely food insecure and at risk of famine.  16 million lack access to safe water and sanitation, and 16.4 million lack access to adequate healthcare. Cholera, diphtheria and other communicable diseases rates have hit the Yemeni people hard. 

    Nation-wide, about 1.8 million children and 1.1 million pregnant or lactating women are acutely malnourished including 400,000 children under the age of five who are suffering from severe acute malnutrition. Over 3 million people have been forced to flee from their homes. Yemen’s public institutions are struggling with service delivery at even the most basic levels, a situation further been complicated by the lack of regular salary payments to many public workers.   

    Moreover, the economy is badly hit by the prolonged conflict, depriving millions from their livelihoods and jobs and driving poverty levels to over 80 percent.  

    Last Updated: Apr 16, 2018

  • In full recognition of the humanitarian-development nexus, the World Bank—through its concessional arm IDA-- is providing large scale emergency support to Yemen even during the conflict. We have been able to do this through a unique partnership with the UN. Since July 2016, IDA has financed $1.3 billion in emergency interventions, investing in human and institutional assets and to prepare for recovery and reconstruction.

    Last Updated: Apr 16, 2018

  • To respond to the risk of famine, and financed by IDA’s Crisis Response Window (CRW), we have partnered with UNICEF and private agents to implement a US$200 million Emergency Cash transfer program.  The program builds on Yemen’s national cash transfer system, and targets 1.5 million households (or 8 million people).  The delivery of cash transfers has been rolled-out nationally in all 333 districts in Yemen, has -so far- reached 1.33 million poor and vulnerable households, of which 44 percent of the direct recipients are women.  More than 75 percent of the beneficiaries used he cash transfer to purchase food and medicine only.

     We are partnering with WHO, UNICEF and Yemen’s health institutions to provide access to basic health and nutrition services. The US$283 million program finances essential inputs (drugs, medical supplies, vaccines) as well as operating capability (supporting 1800 health facilities, including maintaining human resources) and uses an integrated mode of local service delivery to deliver basic health services to more than 10 million Yemenis in all districts of all governorates.

    Responding to the massive 2017 cholera outbreak, our CRW-financed $200 million integrated health/WASH program combines cholera treatment (almost 650.000 cases have been successfully treated) with community-based social mobilization campaigns (reaching 16 million people), distribution of a mass vaccination program and critical WASH interventions such as bulk chlorination and restoring critical sanitation facilities (benefitting 4 million people). 

    To support livelihood opportunities, and in partnership with UNDP, SFD and PWP, our US$300 million cash-for-work and community-based investment programs provide income support to -so far- more than 1 million Yemenis across the country, 3.5 million work days have been created to date.  By using national institution for service delivery, critical Yemeni service delivery capacity has been restored.  Moreover, more than one million people, including IDPs, are benefiting from the community infrastructure created through building and rehabilitating rural roads, water schemes and agricultural terraces. Over 80,000 poor pregnant and lactating women and their children are benefiting from access to nutrition services. And our funding -via SFD/SMEPS- to seven microfinance institutions helped to revive over 2000 enterprises.  In addition, supported by a US$ 36 million grant from the Global Agriculture Food Security Program, we work with FAO and SFD in seven most food insecure governorates to help restore production capacity of over 3700 small business farmers, fisherman and livestock producers. 

    To restore critical services in conflict affected cities, we have partnered with UNOPS and local institutions.  The US$ 150 million program will eventually support 1.4 million Yemenis, create 1.5 million days of employment, 400 km of roads, and 600,000 mw of energy generation. The program has started in Aden, Hudeidah and Sana’a.
     
    And finally, in order to power vital basic services, a US$ 50 million program will finance off-grid solar systems in Yemen, and improve access to electricity for public institutions and poor households in rural and outlying urban areas. UNOPS implements, but relies on the commercial solar market, which has grown despite the conflict, providing further support to the local economy and creating jobs.
     

     

    Last Updated: Apr 16, 2018

  • Needs for recovery and reconstruction—essential to support the humanitarian effort—are huge and urgent. Therefore, the World Bank — in partnership with KSA, US, UK, EU, Germany, and others— has been working to develop a transformative early recovery and reconstruction program to create a positive cycle of investment in rebuilding essential infrastructure, improving key public services, and generating jobs and income. These efforts need to be anchored in a program for community voice and participation, greater transparency, efficiency and accountability in the use of resources, and supporting the private sector to create jobs for Yemen’s youth.

    Last Updated: Apr 16, 2018

Api



MULTIMEDIA

Image
click


PHOTO GALLERY

More Photos Arrow

In Depth

Nov 15, 2017

An overview of the World Bank projects in Yemen

This brochure offers an overview of the World Bank's projects in Yemen in 2017.

Oct 11, 2017

MENA Economic Monitor, October 2017: Refugees in MENA, Meeting the ...

The pickup in economic activity in the region that started in mid-2016 is expected to moderate in 2017 due to slower growth in oil ...

Jul 10, 2017

The Economic and Social Consequences of the Conflict in Syria

The report provides detailed picture of the conflict’s impact on Syria’s population, economy, infrastructure and consequences.

Additional Resources

Country Office Contacts

Sanaa, +967-1- 413-708/10 Fax: +967-1- 413-709
East Faj Attan Area - Off Beirut Street
ealharazi@worldbank.org