The World Bank, Pakistan is helping the Federal and Provincial Governments in implementing various reform programs aimed at encouraging growth, investment, and employment generation. Reforms at the provincial level are specifically aimed at improving delivery of social services like education, health, clean drinking water, and sanitation. These efforts have yielded impressive results in many areas:
• Investing in Education: Over the past decade, Pakistan has made considerable efforts in improving access to education through a series of reform initiatives, led by provincial governments, some of which have been supported by development partners.
In Sindh, 16,800 teachers were recruited through a test, merit and need based recruitment process, and have been provided a two week induction training, 800 master trainers and supervisory staff were also trained during this process to provide training and supervisory support.
Out of a total of 40,356 schools, 22,471 School Management Committees (SMCs) have been verified and PKR 678 Million (USD 6.78 million) disbursed to the committees for school based repairs and learning needs. The government has allocated a total of PKR 1750 Million (USD 17.5 Million) for the fiscal year 2014/15 which will be disbursed to the remaining SMCs after verification of their status. Each SMC is provided with an annual flat grant of PKR 22,000 (US$231) for primary schools, PKR 50,000 (US$526) for middle and elementary schools, and PKR 100,000 (US$1,052) for high and higher secondary schools.
• Enhancing Disaster Resilience: Since the 2005 Pakistan earthquake which led to approximately 73,000 deaths and caused damages to over 570,000 houses, the Bank has been supporting the Government of Pakistan in moving from a response based approach to a more pro-active risk management approach. The urgency and importance to address Disaster Risk Management (DRM) holistically was further highlighted in the aftermath of the unprecedented 2010 floods, which affected over 20 million people and almost 1/5 of the total landmass of the country.
The objective of the Bank’s engagement in the sector is two-fold: i) increase the capacity of government for response and recovery; and, ii) increase current and future physical and fiscal resilience. Initially, through technical assistance, the Bank is supporting the government in identifying disaster risks to major urban centers of the country and strengthening capacity of selected disaster management authorities. Following the floods of 2014 and at the request of GoP, the Bank is preparing the USD 150 million IDA-funded Disaster and Climate Resilience Improvement Project (DCRIP) to support restoration of resilient flood protection infrastructure and strengthen government capacity to manage disasters and climate variability. During the current CAS period, the Bank would also be engaging with other provinces to mitigate disaster risks and enhance resilience.
• Protecting the poorest: In social protection, the Bank has helped the government in establishing the social safety net systems. The Benazir Income Support Program (BISP) is the country’s national safety net program and the Bank’s support focuses on increasing its targeting efficiency and strengthening its operation. It provides income support in the form of predictable monthly cash transfers of US$15 to almost 4.8 million families (22 million people) of the poorest households for consumption smoothing as well as investments in human capital development. To date more than US$ 1.8 billion has been allocated and disbursed to BISP beneficiaries
• Operating in conflict areas: The conflict in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) led to one of the worst security crises in Pakistan’s history, displacing millions of people and severely disrupting lives, livelihoods, and the provision of public services. The Bank is now administering the Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) for KP, FATA and Balochistan, which supports the implementation of a program for reconstruction and development aimed at facilitating the recovery from the impact of the armed conflict and reducing the potential for escalation or resumption. Donors have contributed a total of $183 million for the MTDF.
• Supporting rural livelihoods: Since its inception in April 2000 to December 2014, PPAF has disbursed an amount of approximately Rs153 billion to its 129 Partner Organizations in 121 districts across the country. During the same period, 7.6 million individuals have availed the PPAF financing with 60% of the loans goin to women. 33,000 water and infrastructure projects have been initiated; 2,000 health and education facilities supported; 425,000 credit groups and 126,000 community organizations formed, 665,000 staff and community members trained, 284,000 individuals received skills/entrepreneurial trainings, 71,000 assets transferred to ultra and vulnerable poor households, 26,279 individuals including women and youth trained on enterprise development under Waseela-e-Haq National & Waseela-e-Haq Sindh program of BISP and facilitated in establishing successful ventures, and 29,500 persons with disabilities rehabilitated.
Last Updated: Apr 17, 2015