The unique geography of Maldives, along with high dependence on imports and expatriate manpower, has meant that health services come at substantially higher costs than other countries in the region. In response, the country has undertaken several reforms to the way health is financed, including introduction of a national health insurance program.
The quality of education is a major policy challenge facing the Maldives. The country achieved the first-generation objective of providing universal access to basic education through rapid expansion of enrollment. As is frequently the case with such countries, the second-generation challenge is to provide education of adequate quality.