The World Bank has supported education projects in Cambodia through Bank-administered programs funded by the Global Partnership for Education as well as other development partners. The programs granted scholarships to students and trained teachers, in addition to building schools and setting up early childhood education programs. By July 2017, 38.51% of children between 3 and 5 years old have enrolled in urban and rural districts where 100 formal and 500 community-based new preschool facilities were provided, 3,861 community early childhood education teachers and mothers have been trained and more than 125,337 students between 3-5 years old directly benefited from project activities.
Through the Higher Education Quality and Capacity Improvement project, which was completed in September 2017, about 1,000 students received scholarships and 64 public and private professors/staff were able to complete their studies overseas. A total of 45 research grants were issued to support teaching and learning. To find solutions to local problems, 78 overseas programs and 254 local training programs were conducted for more than 10,000 higher education leaders, managers and teachers to improve the quality of Cambodia's education.
The increasing share of financing from the Royal Government of Cambodia, combined with co-financing from the World Bank and other development partners, has helped to improve coverage and quality of health care services throughout Cambodia. Bank-supported health projects helped to expand the health facility network, supplied medical equipment, financed technical and institutional capacity improvement and provided better sanitation and water quality.
Each year, the Health Equity Fund (HEF) system now supports free access to over 2 million outpatient visits and approximately 100,000 hospital admissions for the poorest people in Cambodia, nationwide and across all public health facilities in the country. Payments for these services provided to the poor, as well as additional fixed and performance-based grants to health facilities, are deposited electronically and in a timely manner into health facilities’ bank accounts. This has changed the empowerment and accountability paradigm, where resource availability at the most peripheral level of the health system has allowed facility-level decision-making and vital funding for maintenance and repair of equipment and infrastructure and to meet emergency shortages of drugs and consumables.
The World Bank has also supported improved regulations in the water and sanitation sector. Aligning with government’s decentralization reform agenda, a two-year pilot of decentralized rural sanitation service delivery was implemented in ten districts in two provinces. By June 2017, 24,458 households in the pilot districts gained access to improved sanitation, representing a seven percentage point increase per year. After the pilot, the government decided to increase resources and scaled up the rural sanitation to additional five districts. The Bank also supported the government in the development of a water supply monitoring system to help improve the government’s regulation capability and to encourage water supply operators to improve their services. Data for over half of the 200 water operators in Cambodia are now available in the system.
In the transport sector, the World Bank-financed Road Asset Management Project (RAMP) helped to rehabilitate some 470 kilometers of Cambodia’s national and provincial road network. As a result, travel time has been reduced from 2 hours to 1.6 hours per 100 kilometers. The project also helped to strengthen capacity in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport in road asset management planning, budgeting and routine and periodic road maintenance.
Through the Public Finance Management Modernization Project and related activities, the World Bank is helping Cambodia to improve its ability to raise revenues and strengthen its public finance management system. Key achievements include improved revenue generation capacity and debt sustainability rating; use of banking system for government transactions; and the installation of a Financial Management Information System (FMIS) to facilitate improved budget management through more timely, automated payment processes, and accurate and transparent financial reporting that can be used and analyzed by government and other interested stakeholders. The system has been rolled out for all 25 Provincial Treasury Departments.
Through the Land Allocation for Social and Economic Development Project (LASED), the government had allocated 17,000 hectares of residential and farm land to 5,141 poor and landless families. So far, 2,930 families have received land titles. LASED, which was approved in May 2008 helped ensure better access to services to those most in need, thus improving their livelihoods. Access to land for the poor or landless families has been and continues to be an important aspect of ending extreme poverty. LASED II, which was approved in May 2016, builds on the experiences and lessons learn from LASED and aims to help these families access agriculture extension services, education, and health facilities.
Through the Voice and Action Project, the World Bank and other development partners are supporting NGOs to improve the quality of service delivery by Commune Councils, Health Centers, and primary schools. The Implementation Plan for Social Accountability (ISAF) currently cover 75% of Cambodia’s provinces, 62% of districts and 56% of communes. ISAF covers 572 out of 1,191 health centers across the country and 1,422 out of Cambodia’s 7,000 primary schools. It also hires more than 3,650 Community Accountability Facilitators to help mobilize their communities to learn about public services, provide feedback to services providers, and to take action to improve service quality. By the end of 2017, more than 11,280 Joint Accountability Action Plans (JAAPs) were developed jointly between service providers and community members in targeted communes, and 64% of JAAPs’ activities have been implemented to improve public service delivery.
Last Updated: Sep 20, 2018