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COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Response

SP Intervetions
Social protection policies and programs help individuals and families escape poverty, manage risks, and improve resilience and opportunity. This publication looks at the benefits and costs of social protection targeting as well as pros and cons of various targeting methods.




The World Bank
Economic inclusion programs help boost the income and assets of the world’s poorest individuals and households with a “big push” of coordinated interventions – usually a combination of cash or in-kind transfers, skills training or coaching, access to finance, and links to market support. The State of Economic Inclusion 2021 Report shows that economic inclusion programs are on the rise in 75 countries, reaching about 20 million households.



The World Bank
Adaptive social protection (ASP) helps build the resilience of poor and vulnerable households by investing in their capacity to prepare for, cope with, and adapt to shocks. The report, “Adaptive Social Protection: Building Resilience to Shocks,” puts forward an organizing framework for designing and implementing ASP programs.



The World Bank
Universal Basis Income (UBI) provides cash transfers to all members of a society with no conditions attached. The report, Exploring Universal Basic Income : A Guide to Navigating Concepts, Evidence, and Practices calls for a balanced and evidence-based approach and provides a framework to elucidate issues and trade-offs in UBI with a view to help inform choices around its appropriateness and feasibility in different contexts.


The World Bank
Up to 80% of workers in developing countries earn their living in the informal economy and cannot rely on the employment-based social protection programs. As the COVID-19 pandemic worsens, these workers need to overcome daunting challenges to support themselves and their families. The report, Protecting All: Risk-Sharing for a Diverse and Diversifying World of Work proposes a model of worker protection and social security that is better adapted to an increasingly diverse and fluid world of work. 

In Depth