The program consists of various research activities that will contribute to different aspects of research that are critical to build the evidence base on protracted forced displacement situations:
- Shedding light on global questions;
- Improving programs through impact evaluations;
- Complementing research with targeted studies;
- Supporting young scholars working on forced displacement.
Shedding light on global questions: This initiative finances large multi-country and multi-partner research projects that address questions of global interest related to forced displacement in five strategic thematic areas: jobs, health, education, social protection and gender. Through global tenders, grants are allocated to lead research institutions to produce analyses that shed light on these global questions.
- Education: Building the Evidence for What Works
- Health: Big Questions in Forced Migration and Health
- Social Protection: Social Protection Responses to Displacement and Integration
- Jobs: Global Questions on Forced Displacement and Jobs
- Gender: Building the evidence base on gender specific vulnerabilities in forced displacement contexts
Thanks to an additional contribution provided by FCDO in 2020, the program has launched the preparation of two new research studies that will build on a series of articles commissioned to external researchers:
- Preventing social conflict and promoting social cohesion in forced displacement contexts. This study aims at better understanding how public policies can address social inequalities that lead to or are the consequence of forced displacement crises. Through the lens of social inequalities, it will explore the roots of social conflicts and population displacements, how forced displacement crises can be prevented or how they can be quickly stabilized during the early stages, before they become chronic phenomena that require complex sustainable solutions. This will be done by focusing on critical inequalities such as income inequality, inequalities of opportunities, inequality of access to services or gender inequalities considering inequalities between and within displaced populations and host communities. The call for proposals for these studies closed on July 30th, 2020.
- Preventing food insecurity and price volatility and promoting self-reliance in forced displacement contexts. This study focuses on the early stages of food and displacement crises when conflict, population and public expenditure shocks generate price instability and food insecurity with potential severe consequences for the well-being of the forcibly displaced and host communities. This research will focus on monitoring prices, food security and nutrition to pick up early signs of market failure, food insecurity and undernutrition for the forcibly displaced and their hosts. It will also study the role of policies related to price, food and aid in fostering self-reliance during the period leading to a crisis and during the early stages of a crisis to reduce long-term food aid dependency. The objective is to provide indications of policy measures that could help to predict food insecurity and mobilize funding and programs early to avert spikes of food insecurity and undernutrition and promote self-reliance measures.
Improving programs through impact evaluations: This initiative supports World Bank, UNHCR and FCDO operations that require research to answer specific questions that constrain operational delivery. Grants finance impact evaluations that address one or more specific questions and are expected to produce results that can be used directly to improve existing operations and feed into program policies and design. The program currently includes 14 impact evaluations:
- Afghanistan: Impact evaluation of the Targeting the Ultra Poor graduation program - Full paper. Policy brief.
- Afghanistan: Assessment of the socio-economic outcomes, movement patterns and reintegration challenges of Afghan returnees - Full paper.
- Bangladesh: Impact evaluation of a child protection program in Rohingya refugee camps
- Cameroon: Impact evaluation of a program to prevent intimate partner violence among refugees and host communities (Social Safety Nets project)
- Ethiopia: Impact evaluation of health and educational outcomes for the Development Response to Displacement Impacts project
- Ethiopia: Impact evaluation of labor outcomes of the Ethiopia Economic Opportunities Hybrid Program for Results
- Iraq: Impact evaluation of the role played by the government Public Distribution System in mitigating welfare loss for internally displaced populations - Full paper. Policy brief.
- Jordan: Impact evaluation of the Providing Opportunities with Education for Refugees and Jordanians program
- Kenya: Impact evaluation of health and educational outcomes for the Development Response to Displacement Impacts project
- Lebanon: Impact evaluations of teacher support programs (Reaching All Children with Education initiative)
- Lebanon: Impact evaluation of the National Poverty Targeting Program graduation model
- Niger: Impact evaluation of the Forcibly Displaced Support Project
- Nigeria: Impact evaluation of different strategies to improve health workers outreach and health outcomes for pregnant women and women with children in areas affected by the Boko Haram insurgency (Additional Financing for the Nigeria State Health Investment Project)
- Uganda: Impact evaluation of an entrepreneurship program for refugees and host communities in Kampala.
For more information on impact evaluations in forced displacement contexts click here.
Complementing research with targeted studies: This initiative synthetizes lessons emerging from the entire research program and complement the program with additional studies. Research activities include literature reviews, desk research, meta-analyses of existing literature and original studies complementing research financed under the activities, shedding light on global questions and improving programs.