Poverty and Inequality

November 30, 2023

The Poverty and Inequality Research Program has two main objectives: (1) improve current data as well as methods and tools for poverty and inequality analysis and (2) use the improved data and existing data sources to better understand the economic and social processes determining the extent of poverty and inequality and to assess the effectiveness of specific policies in reducing poverty.

Featured
  • 2021 SPF Annual Report

    Longitudinal Survey of Forced Migrant Children from Venezuela - VenRePs-Kids

    Brief, 2024
    It is estimated that by early 2021, there were more than 110 million displaced people, of whom 41% are children under the age of 18. One of the main obstacles to progress in this field is the lack of longitudinal data and information on the human development status of children. The Longitudinal Survey of Forced Migrant Children (VenRePs-Kids) was developed to contribute in this direction.
  • GWP Social Research for Conservation Insight and Impact Evaluation

    Process and Implementation Evaluation Methods

    Book Chapter, September 2023
    This chapter, co-authored by Michael Woolcock, appears in the book Oxford Handbook of Social Program Design and Implementation Evaluation. The book creates a comprehensive and actionable toolbox of evaluation methodologies that can be used to examine social programs throughout their life cycle.
  • Collage of images related to the World Development Report 2023

    World Development Report 2023: Migrants, Refugees, and Societies

    Report, 2023
    Mobility is an integral part of the development process. It is a mechanism for reallocating labor across economic sectors and geographical areas. It enables adaptation to shocks, stresses, and imbalances. Cross-border mobility inevitably comes with economic and social consequences for those who move, their communities of origin, and their destinations. The World Development Report (WDR) is taking a fresh look at these issues. It aims to shift from a narrow focus on labor markets for migrants and legal protection for refugees to a more holistic perspective — one that recognizes the humanity of migrants and the complexity of the societies of origin and destination.
  • Why Social Sustainability is Critical for the Climate Agenda

    Social Sustainability in Development: Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century

    Book, March 2023
    All development is about people: the transformative process to equip, link, and enable groups of people to drive change and create something new to benefit society. Social Sustainability in Development: Meeting the Challenges of the 21st Century seeks to advance the concept of social sustainability and sharpen its analytical foundations. By identifying interventions that work to promote the components of social sustainability and highlighting the evidence of their links to key development outcomes, this book provides a foundation for using social sustainability to help address the many challenges of our time
  • day 5 ghana morgan graham

    International Development: Navigating Humanity's Greatest Challenge

    Book, February 2023
    Whether understood as a long-run historical process or an intentional political project, international development transforms not only societies and economies but also key ideas about how the world works and how problems should be solved. In this compelling book, Michael Woolcock demonstrates that achieving peace and prosperity for all is supremely contingent and often contentious: the means and ends of development are often perceived as alien, unjust, and disruptive, its benefits and costs unequally borne.

LATEST WORKING PAPERS

Impacts of Extremist Ideologies on Refugees' Integration: Evidence from Afghan Refugees in Tajikistan
Laurent Bossavie, Sandra V. Rozo, María José Urbina
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10612, November 2023

Using Large Language Models for Qualitative Analysis can Introduce Serious Bias
Julian Ashwin, Aditya Chhabra, Vijayendra Rao
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10597, November 2023

The Fine Line between Nudging and Nagging: Increasing Take-up Rates through Social Media Platforms
Andrés Moya, Sandra V. Rozo, María José Urbina 
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10590, October 2023

Reconceptualizing Global Multidimensional Poverty Measurement, with Illustration on Nigerian Data
Benoit Decerf, Kike Fonton
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10577, October 2023

The Added Value of Local Democracy: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in India
Abhishek Arora, Siddharth George, Vijayendra Rao, MR Sharan
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10555, August 2023

A Meta-Theory for Absolute Poverty Lines
Benoit Decerf
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10519, July 2023

Social Sustainability and the Development Process: What Is It, Why Does It Matter, and How Can It Be Enhanced?
Patrick Barron, Louise Cord, José Cuesta, Sabina A. Espinoza, Greg Larson, Michael Woolcock
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10487, June 2023

A New Distribution Sensitive Index for Measuring Welfare, Poverty, and Inequality
Aart Kraay, Christoph Lakner, Berk Özler, Benoit Decerf, Dean Jolliffe, Olivier Sterck, Nishant Yonzan
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10470, June 2023

Examining Business Reform Committees: Findings from a New Global Dataset
Dorina Georgieva, Varun Eknath, Michael Woolcock
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10467, June 2023

More Working Papers


LATEST JOURNAL ARTICLES

Transnational Terrorism and the Internet
Quy-Toan Do, Nicolas Gomez-Parra, Bob Rijkers
Journal of Development Economics, vol. 164, September 2023

Money versus Kudos: The impact of incentivizing local politicians in India
Ghazala Mansuri, Nethra Palaniswamy, Vijayendra Rao, Slesh A. Shrestha
Journal of Public Economics, vol. 224, August 2023 | Working Paper Version

Improving the Well-Being of Adolescent Girls in Developing Countries
Katy Bergstrom, Berk Ozler
The World Bank Research Observer, vol. 38, no. 2, August 2023 | Working Paper Version

Impacts of a Large-Scale Parenting Program: Experimental Evidence from Chile
Pedro Carneiro, Emanuela Galasso, Italo Lopez Garcia, Paula Bedregal, Miguel Cordero
Journal of Political Economy, July 2023 | Working Paper Version

The Unintended Consequences of Deportations: Evidence from Firm Behavior in El Salvador
Antonella Bandiera, Lelys Dinarte, Sandra V Rozo, Carlos Schmidt-Padilla, Maria Micael Sviastchi, Hernan Winkler
Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 71, July 2023 | Working Paper Version

The Unintended Consequences of Deportations: Evidence from Firm Behavior in El Salvador
Antonella Bandiera, Lelys Dinarte Diaz, Sandra V. Rozo, Carlos Schmidt-Padilla, María Micaela Sviatschi, and Hernan Winkler
Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 70, June 2023 | Working Paper Version

A Preference-based Theory Unifying Monetary and Non-Monetary Poverty Measurement
Benoit Decerf
Journal of Public Economics, vol. 222, June 2023 

The Prices in the Crises: What We Are Learning from 20 Years of Health Insurance in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Jishnu Das, Quy-Toan Do
Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 32 (2), Spring 2023 | Column


LATEST BLOGS AND ARTICLES

Updated estimates of the Prosperity Gap
Zander Prinsloo, Aart Kraay, Christoph Lakner, Berk Özler, Benoît Decerf, Dean Mitchell Jolliffe, Olivier Sterck, Nishant Yonzan | Data Blog, October 26, 2023

A generation of children are at risk of learning losses in Myanmar
Sutirtha Sinha Roy, Roy Van Der Weide, Saurav Dev Bhatta, Mar Mar Thwin | East Asia & Pacific On The Rise | October 24, 2023

What can (or should) we expect from public works?
Emanuela Galasso
, Kathleen Beegle | Development Impact | July 25, 2023  

Is it time for development economists to start considering the welfare of non-human animals?
Berk Özler
 | Development Impact | June 28, 2023

The prosperity gap: A proposed new indicator to monitor shared prosperity
Aart Kraay, Christoph Lakner, Berk Özler, Benoît Decerf, Dean Mitchell Jolliffe, Olivier Sterck, Nishant Yonzan | Development Impact | June 01, 2023

Can we have a welfare index that is easy to understand but also distribution sensitive?
Aart Kraay, Christoph Lakner, Berk ÖzlerBenoît Decerf, Dean Mitchell Jolliffe, Olivier Sterck, Nishant Yonzan | Development Impact | June 01, 2023

 

TEAM MEMBERS

Benoit Decerf
Research Economist

Quy-Toan Do
Lead Economist

Jed Friedman
Lead Economist | Acting Manager

Emanuela Galasso
Senior Economist

Eeshani Kandpal
Senior Economist

Berk Ozler
Lead Economist

Vijayendra Rao
Lead Economist

Sandra Rozo
Senior Economist

Roy van der Weide
Senior Economist

Michael Woolcock
Lead Social Scientist


ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Datasets

Poverty and Inequality Platform (formerly PovcalNet)

Seminar Series

Development Research Group

Development Impact Blog

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