Human development is at the core of the World Bank’s strategy to improve people’s lives and support sustainable development. The Human Development research program spans education, health, social protection, and labor.
Research Offers New Ideas to Confront the Global Human Capital Gap
In October 2018, the World Bank launched the Human Capital Index, a tool to accelerate investments in the health and education of the next generation of workers, as part of the broader Human Capital Project. At a recent Policy Research Talk, World Bank Research Manager Adam Wagstaff highlighted a bonanza of new research on human capital—in particular research related to the metrics tracked by the Human Capital Index. Wagstaff and researchers from across the World Bank working with developing country partners have unearthed valuable insights that can help countries better measure, manage, and build their human capital.
In many developing countries, women face significant
barriers to their equal participation in society. While some
of these barriers are easy to see, a new line of research
is uncovering a surprising and less obvious possibility. At a recent Policy Research Talk, World Bank economist Owen Ozier shared results from a new paper
on gendered language and its relationship to gender norms and economic outcomes for women.
In this talk Dominique van de Walle discussed findings from a small but growing number of rigorous descriptive and quantitative studies that investigate welfare and marital shocks. Differences between regions of Africa will be emphasized.
Adam Wagstaff, Patrick Eozenou, Sven Neelsen, and Marc-Francois Smitz
The 2018 database includes 18 indicators of service use (12 preventative, six curative) and 28 health outcome indicators. The financial protection indicators capture the proportions of the population incurring catastrophic expenses (those exceeding a specified proportion of a household's total consumption or income) or impoverishing expenses (expenses without which the household would have been above the poverty line, but because of the expenditures is below the poverty line).
The World Development Report 2018 is the first ever devoted entirely to education. And the timing is excellent: education has long been critical to human welfare, but it is even more so in a time of rapid economic and social change.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015 includes achieving universal health coverage—financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines, and vaccines for all.
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