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Data-Driven Solutions to Development Challenges

Data helps solve development challenges through multiple channels. It is the foundation of the research that informs the decisions of policy makers and development practitioners. It can serve as a spur to policy reform efforts by providing benchmarks and examples of best practice. And, last but not least, it is a critical input into the World Bank’s own lending and economic and sector work.

Development Research Group: The World Bank's Data Incubator  

The Development Research Group is an incubator of many of the World Bank's most cited datasets. Below is a selection of the datasets produced by the Group. Additional datasets can be found in the Microdata Catalogue, posted alongside working papers in the Documents and Reports repository, or by contacting our researchers.




Bank Regulation and Supervision

The Bank Regulation and Supervision Survey is a unique source of comparable worldwide data on how banks are regulated and supervised around the world. 

Deposit Insurance around the World

This comprehensive database provides detailed information on deposit insurance schemes across the world. 

Entrepreneurship Database

The data collection for entrepreneurship project was completed in June 2017. To measure entrepreneurial activity, annual data was collected directly from 143 company registrars on the number of newly registered firms.

Financial Structure Database

This database of indicators of financial development and structure across countries and over time includes a range of indicators (31 indicators in total), starting from 1960, that measure the size, activity, and efficiency of financial intermediaries and markets.

Global Financial Development Database

The Global Financial Development Database is an extensive dataset of financial system characteristics for 203 economies.

Global Findex

The Global Findex database, the world’s most comprehensive database on financial inclusion, provides in-depth data on how individuals save, borrow, make payments, and manage risks.


Informality Toolkit

"A Toolkit for Informality Scenario Analysis” is a spreadsheet-based toolkit that allows researchers and practitioners to project the size of formal and informal labor in almost 100 countries yearly until 2030. 

Long Term Growth Model

The Long Term Growth Model (LTGM) is an Excel-based tool to analyze long-term growth scenarios building on the celebrated Solow-Swan Growth Model. The tool can also be used to assess the implications of growth (and changes in inequality) for poverty rates.

Worldwide Governance Indicators

The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project reports aggregate and individual governance indicators for over 200 countries and territories over the period 1996–2016 for six dimensions of governance.


All the Ginis

This dataset represents a compilation and adaptation of income or consumption Gini coefficients retrieved from nine sources in order to create a single “standardized” Gini variable.

Global Database on Intergenerational Mobility (GDIM)

The GDIM provides estimates of intergenerational mobility covering 148 economies for cohorts between 1940 and 1989. This translates to a world population coverage of 96 percent.


PovcalNet is an interactive computational tool that allows you to replicate the calculations made by the World Bank's researchers in estimating the extent of absolute poverty in the world.

PovMap 2.0

PovMap 2.0 provides computational solutions to all stages of poverty mapping activities. It uses a proprietary data engine to ensure the speedy processing of census data.

World Panel Income Distribution

This database contains a balanced and unbalanced panel of country-decile groups covering the twenty year period 1988-2008, expressed in a common currency and prices. The database allows comparisons of average incomes by decile both across time and across countries.


Land Governance Assessessment Framework (LGAF)

The LGAF is a diagnostic instrument to assess the state of land governance at the national or sub-national level. Local experts rate the quality of a country's land governance along a comprehensive set of dimensions. These ratings and an accompanying report serve as the basis for policy dialogue at the national or sub-national level.

Database on Terrestrial Biodiversity Indicators

The biodiversity indicator database provides counts of mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles at 1-kilometer grid resolution based on more than 25,000 range maps of species identified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Birdlife International. The database also includes counts of critically endangered and endangered species, extinction risks, and indices on the uniqueness of species and WWF ecoregions within a country.


Ad Valorem Equivalent of Non-Tariff Measures

The ad valorem equivalent (AVE) of non-tariff measures (NTMs) is the uniform tariff that will result in the same trade impacts on the import of a product due to the presence of the NTMs. This analysis utilizes a reduced sample of NTMs data collected between 2012 and 2016. The data is transformed in a cross-section database spanning about 40 importing countries plus the European Union, about 200 exporting countries.

Exporter Dynamics Database

As the first public database to provide detailed comparable information on the microstructure of trade flows between countries, the Exporter Dynamics Database (EDD) has filled a significant gap in our understanding of the foundations of export growth. The database offers a comprehensive picture of exporter dynamics in both developed and developing countries.

Global Bilateral Migration Database

Global matrices of bilateral migrant stocks spanning the period 1960-2000, disaggregated by gender and based primarily on the foreign-born concept are presented. For the first time, a comprehensive picture of bilateral global migration over the last half of the twentieth century emerges.

Global Database on Non-Tariff Measures

Non-Tariff Measures (NTM) Database includes major economies like the EU, US, China, and many developing countries. Data on a total of 109 countries were collected by UNCTAD, the World Bank, and other partners.

Household Impacts of Tariffs Simulation Tool

The Household Impacts of Tariffs (HIT) simulation tool enables users to simulate how changes in import tariffs impact the incomes of households across the income distribution.

Overall Trade Restrictiveness Indices And Import Demand Elasticities

The Overall Trade Restrictiveness Index (OTRI) summarizes the trade policy stance of a country by calculating the uniform tariff that will keep its overall imports at the current level when the country in fact has different tariffs for different goods. In a nutshell, the OTRI is a more sophisticated way to calculate the weighted average tariff of a given country, with the weights reflect the composition of import volume and import demand elasticities of each imported product.

Services Trade Restrictions Database

The World Bank’s Services Trade Restrictions Database aims to facilitate dialogue about, and analysis of, services trade policies. The database provides comparable information on services trade policy measures for 103 countries, five sectors (telecommunications, finance, transportation, retail and professional services), and key modes of delivery.

Temporary Trade Barriers Database

The Temporary Trade Barriers Database (TTBD) website hosts newly collected, freely available, and detailed data on more than thirty different national governments’ use of policies such as antidumping (AD), global safeguards (SG), China-specific transitional safeguard (CSG) measures, and countervailing duties (CVD). 

Last Updated: Jun 09, 2020