The Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) for Africa is an annual diagnostic tool for Sub-Saharan African countries eligible for International Development Association (IDA) financing. Covering the year from January to December, the report measures the countries’ quality of policies and institutional frameworks, and their ability to support sustainable growth and poverty reduction. The report provides scores for 16 criteria for each country and an overall regional score on a scale of 1 (lowest) to 6 (highest), in four areas: economic management, structural policies, social inclusion and equity policies, and public sector management and institutions.
The score informs governments of the impact of the country’s efforts to support favorable growth and poverty reduction. It also helps determine the size of the World Bank’s concessional lending and grants to low-income Sub-Saharan African countries. The 2019 CPIA includes 39 IDA-eligible countries, one more than in 2018 with the addition of Somalia, which is now eligible for IDA financing after 30 years.
The 2019 CPIA scores also provides a view of the policies and institutions at the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic, highlighting the need for the region’s IDA countries to take action to strengthen health systems, protect human capital, strengthen public sector governance and implement structural reforms to boost productivity.
Here are the top five highlights from the 2019 Africa CPIA:
Rwanda leads CPIA rankings; score remains unchanged for three years
The overall CPIA score for the 39 IDA countries was 3.1, which has remained the same since 2016. Rwanda remained at the top of the ranking with an overall score of 4.0, which has also been the same since 2016, underscoring the need for IDA countries to implement economic and institutional reforms consistently. The highest scoring countries also stayed the same, including Cabo Verde, with an overall score of 3.8, followed by Kenya, Senegal and Uganda with overall scores of 3.7. Benin and Ghana saw their overall scores increase from 3.5 to 3.6. These high-ranking countries on the CPIA scale also have economies that are among the fastest growing in the region. Fifteen of the 39 countries, consisting predominantly of fragile countries, scored below the regional average.
Overall CPIA Scores of Sub-Saharan African Countries (IDA), 2019