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2015 Africa Country Policy and Institution Assessment Factsheet

June 28, 2016

  • The Africa Country Policy and Institution Assessment (CPIA) describes the progress Sub-Saharan African countries are making on strengthening the quality of their policies and institutions.

  • The Africa CPIA represents scores for the 38 African countries that are eligible for support from the International Development Association (IDA), the concessional financing arm of the World Bank Group.

  • CPIA scores assess the quality of countries’ policy and institutional progress using 16 development indicators in four areas: economic management, structural policies, policies for social inclusion and equity, and public sector management and institutions. Countries are rated on a scale of 1 (low) to 6 (high) for each indicator. The overall CPIA score reflects the average of the four areas of the CPIA.

  • The average CPIA score for Sub Saharan Africa countries was 3.2 in 2015, similar to the 2014 performance. This score is now similar to that of all IDA countries, all regions combined.

  • Rwanda leads all countries with a CPIA score of 4.0 followed by Cabo Verde, Kenya, and Senegal, all with a 3.8 score. Ghana also saw an improvement in its CPIA score from 3.4 in 2014 to 3.6 in 2015.

  • The average CPIA score for Africa’s non-fragile countries was 3.5 in 2015, comparable to that of non-fragile countries elsewhere. However, Sub-Saharan Africa’s fragile countries continued to lag fragile countries outside the region, especially on governance.

  • In 2015, only seven countries in Africa--Ghana, Comoros, Chad, Guinea, Madagascar, Rwanda, and Zimbabwe--strengthened their governance framework compared to nine in 2014.

  • Zimbabwe’s CPIA score went up from 2.2 in 2012 to 2.9 in 2015 thanks to better availability of data and information coupled with implementation of economic policies under the International Monetary Fund (IMF) staff-monitored program.

  • Overall, 13 countries –Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, The Gambia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Togo and Zambia--experienced a decrease in their economic management score.

  • Countries transitioning out of violence saw modest improvements. Côte d’Ivoire, which has enjoyed four consecutive years of wide-ranging reforms and improving CPIA scores, saw stronger performance in equity of public resource use in 2015, but this did not translate into an improvement in the country’s aggregate CPIA score of 3.3.

  • The improving trend in Burundi’s policy environment reversed sharply with the CPIA score falling from 3.3 in 2014 to 3.1 in 2015.

  • The Gambia continued to see further weakening of its policy framework. Its score fell from 3.1 in 2014 to 2.9 in 2015, and is below the 3.5 score in 2011.

  • Stronger policy performance helped boost CPIA scores in Central Africa Republic, Chad, Guinea and Niger.

  • South Sudan and Eritrea posted the lowest CPIA score of all Sub Saharan African countries combined with a 1.9 score.

  • Weaker macroeconomic management couple with difficult global economic conditions impacted the overall quality of policies and institutions in Africa.