Land is a key economic resource inextricably linked to access to, use of and control over other economic and productive resources. Recognition of this has driven demand for strengthening tenure security for all, on an individual, sex-disaggregated level. This has prompted the inclusion of Indicators 1.4.2 and 5.a.1 in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agenda.
SDG Indicator 1.4.2: Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with (a) legally recognized documentation; and (b) who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure.
SDG Indicator 5.a.1: (a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land by sex; and (b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure
The LSMS team has collaborated with the custodians of SDG indicators 1.4.2 (UN-Habitat and the World Bank) and 5.a.1 (FAO), with the support of GDWGL and GLII, to design a standardized and succinct survey instrument to collect the essential data for computation of both indicators simultaneously. As the data collection requirements for each indicator largely overlap, great gains in efficiency are possible by implementing a joint module in existing survey questionnaires. The joint questionnaire modules and accompanying guidance note aim to facilitate the successful, efficient, and cross-country comparable data collection for computation of SDG indicators 1.4.2 and 5.a.1 in line with the methodologies approved by the IAEG-SDGs.
The survey instrument was designed with an eye for the integration of essential questions for both indicators into existing survey instruments, with the possibility of stand-alone implementation. Due to the various survey designs in which this module could be integrated, multiple versions of the module have been designed to allow it to be inserted easily into a number of different scenarios. The questionnaire versions differ on; (i) respondent selection, whether self-respondent or proxy respondent, and (ii) level of data collection, whether data is collected at the parcel level or the household/farm level.
- Measuring Individuals’ Rights to Land: An Integrated Approach to Data Collection for SDG Indicators 1.4.2 and 5.a.1: Methodological Note and Questionnaire Modules - Available in English, Spanish, French, Russian, and Arabic!
- Guide to cognitive interviewing available here
- Open access Survey Solutions CAPI questionnaire programs coming soon!
- Compilation of legally recognized documentation metadata for nearly 100 countries, compiled by the World Bank’s DECSI team.
 GDWGL is the Global Donor Working Group on Land; GLII is the Global Land Indicators Initiative, established in 2012 and hosted by the Global Land Tool Network.