The Horn of Africa Initiative is working towards a more interconnected, integrated, and resilient Horn. The focus is on helping create jobs, mitigate emerging risks, and strengthen resilience. Connected roads, access to energy, and digital systems are a catalyst for commerce, assisting businesses to trim their overheads and strengthen linkages to regional and global value chains. Investments in agriculture and pastoral value chains are spurring the creation of livelihoods and helping to bring economic activity and services to neglected borderland areas. The Horn of Africa Initiative is exploring innovative ways to help member states address the health and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, deal with drought and other climate related crises, and to support displaced populations.