October 17, 2016 is the 24th International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. It is also China’s 3rd Poverty Alleviation Day. Ending poverty is Goal 1 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. China has made an important role in global poverty reduction. How did China reduce poverty? What can other countries learn from China’s experience? China has set the goal of lifting the remaining 55 million extremely poor people out of poverty by 2020. What Challenges does China still face in achieving this goal? What are the new features in the poverty reduction projects supported by the World Bank in China?