The working paper documents that World Bank aid disbursements to 22 heavily aid-dependent countries coincide with increases in foreign deposits held in ‘tax havens.’ However, the paper cannot identify the precise mechanism generating these flows and the data does not provide information on individuals who store wealth. While these patterns are potentially consistent with diversion of aid, there are other legitimate explanations that the paper cannot definitively rule out.
It is important to note that this pattern was observed only in heavily aid-dependent countries, defined, for the purposes of the study, as countries in which IDA and IBRD disbursements accounted for more than 2% of GDP on average each year over the period 1990-2010.
Jordan is not among these countries, and the paper found no evidence for aid diversion in Jordan. Jordan is among modestly aid-dependent countries, as it received IDA and IBRD disbursements equivalent to about 1.1 percentage points of its GDP and its inclusion in the sample weakens correlation to the extent that it becomes statistically insignificant.
The World Bank Group takes corruption and related fiduciary risks extremely seriously. This has long been an area of focus and ensuring the proper use of the Bank’s funds is a top priority.