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Gender Norms and Forced Displacement: Unpacking New Evidence from Colombia and Jordan

March 29, 2022


  • Does forced displacement change attitudes on gender? In this event, Ragui Assaad from the University of Minnesota and Eliana Rubiano-Matulevich from the World Bank share findings from Colombia and Jordan which underscore the complex and nuanced ways that attitudes around gender can change during situations of forced displacement.

    Ana María Ibañez from the Inter American Development Bank and María Beatriz Orlando from the World Bank discuss with researchers the implications of why gender norms sometimes become more equitable and sometimes become more rigid through forced displacement.  


  • Ragui Assaad

    Ragui Assaad is a professor who researches education, labor policy, and labor market analysis in developing countries with a focus on the Middle East and North Africa. His current work focuses on inequality of opportunity in education, labor markets, transitions from school-to-work, employment and unemployment dynamics, and international migration, including the effects of forced migration. Assaad is a Research Fellow of the Economic Research Forum in Cairo, Egypt and at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn, Germany. From 2005 to 2008, he served as Regional Director for West Asia and North Africa for the Population Council, based in Cairo, Egypt.

    Eliana Rubiano-Matulevich

    Eliana Rubiano-Matulevich is an Economist with the World Bank Poverty Global Practice and the Regional Gender Coordinator for the Latin America and the Caribbean Region. Before joining the Poverty GP, she served as an Economist with the Gender Group where she was the focal point for Human Development sectors. Eliana also held positions at the Inter-American Development Bank and at the Central Bank of Colombia. Prior to rejoining the Bank in 2015, she was a Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist with the Global Partnership for Education.

    Ana María Ibañez

    Ana María Ibañez is an Economics Principal Advisor at the Interamerican Development Bank. Her research focuses on the microeconomic analysis of internal armed conflict. Most of her research focuses on the economic costs of crime and conflict.

    María Beatriz Orlando

    María Beatriz Orlando is a Lead Social Development Specialist with extensive experience in labor markets and gender analysis as well as gender-based violence. She has conducted research on labor markets and poverty and the socio-economic impact of gender based violence. Prior to joining the Bank she worked as a Research Associate at the Center for Global Development and Professor at Universidad Catolica Andres Bello (Caracas, Venezuela). While in Venezuela, Maria Beatriz participated in the poverty project, conducting research about the informal sector and the gender wage gap.