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Globalization and Female Empowerment: Evidence from Myanmar

February 18, 2021

Kuala Lumpur Research Seminar Series

  • This paper examines whether globalization promotes female empowerment by improving the jobs available to women. Previous work has documented that exporting causally improved working conditions at predominantly female garment factories in Myanmar. In this study, restricting to garment factory neighborhoods, we find that women living near exporting factories are significantly more likely to be working, have lower tolerance of domestic violence, and are less likely to be victims of domestic violence. Using distance to the international airport as an instrument for proximity to an exporting factory, we find similar results: higher employment rates, lower tolerance of domestic violence, and a decrease in the experience of physical violence.

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    Presentation Slides

  • Teresa Molina is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Hawaii at Manoa and a Research Affiliate at the IZA Institute of Labor Economics . She received her Ph.D. from the University of Southern California and her undergraduate degree from Stanford University. Her research interests span the fields of development, health, and labor economics. Much of her recent work explores the effects of government policies on health, education, and labor market outcomes.


  • WHEN (KUALA LUMPUR TIME): Thursday, February 18, 2021 - 9:00 -10:00am
  • WHEN (ET/WASHINGTON, D.C. TIME): Wednesday, February 17, 2020 - 8:00 – 9:00pm