Rapid urbanization in Ghana over the past three decades has coincided with rapid GDP growth. This has helped to create jobs, increase human capital, decrease poverty, and expand opportunities and improve living conditions for millions of Ghanaians. Ghana’s urban transformation has been momentous, but it is not unique: a similar process has characterized other countries at similar levels of development. Ghana’s key challenge now is to ensure that urbanization continues to complement growth through improvements in productivity and inclusion, rather than detracting from these goals. Many rising problems are related to efficiency and inclusion: these include slums, lack of basic services, underdeveloped manufacturing, and insufficient transport infrastructure.
The Ghana Urbanization Review (GUR) and its accompanying reports provide an analysis of Ghana’s rising urbanization challenges and a framework to successfully overcome these challenges. With Ghana’s specific urban challenges and strengths in mind, the GUR focuses on four priority areas:
- integrated land planning for effective urban development
- strategic infrastructure development and improved regulation of the transport sector to enhance connectivity of urban areas to markets
- consolidating the gains made over the last 20 years of decentralization by deepening fiscal decentralization and exploring innovative ways for financing urban development